The Meticulousness Of Expository Preaching Precision with the Text

I. LITERAL MEANING

A. Seek Plain Meaning

B. Seek Natural Meaning

C. Seek Obvious Meaning

 

II. AUTHORIAL INTENT

A. Discern the Writer’s Aim

B. Detect the Writer’s Audience

C. Discover the Writer’s Circumstances

 

III. BIBLICAL CONTEXT

A. In Which Testament Is This Found?

B. In What Canonical Section Is This Found?

C. What Is the Theme of This Biblical Book?

D. Where in the Book?

E. What Precedes This Text?

F. What Follows This Text?

G. What Parallels This Text?

 

IV. LITERARY GENRE

A. Note the Genre of the Passage

1. Prose

2. Wisdom

3. Song

4. Apocalyptic

5. Gospel

6. Legal

7. Parable

8. Sermon/Discourse

9. Epistle

 

B. Be Familiar with the Features of That Genre

1. Know Its Distinctives

2. Know Its Challenges

 

V. LEXICAL PRINCIPLE

A. Pinpoint the Key Words

1. Note Crucial Words

2. Note Repeating Words

3. Note Unclear Words

4. Note Emphatic Words

5. Note Alternating Words

 

B. Do Word Studies of These Words

1. Study Its Etymology

2. Study Its Biblical Usages

3. Study Its Extra-Biblical Usages

 

VI. GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE

A. Probe the Individual Words

1. Verbs

2. Nouns

3. Pronouns

4. Adjectives

5. Adverbs

6. Conjunctions

7. Participles

8. Infinitives

 

B. Probe the Collective Words

1. Clauses

2. Phrases

 

VII. GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

A. Note the Places

1. Cities

2. Regions

3. Rivers

4. Seas

5. Territories

6. Mountains

7. Valleys

8. Wildernesses

9. Routes

10. Nations

B. Note the Distinctives

1. Location

2. Topography

3. Elevation

4. Weather

 

VIII. CULTURAL CONTEXT

A. Note the National Life

1. Political Practices

2. Social Customs

3. Economic Polices

4. Monetary Units

5. Military Warfare

 

B. Note the Spiritual Life

1. Religious Forms

2. Covenantal Agreements

 

C. Note the Natural Life

1. Climate Conditions

2. Agricultural Procedures

3. Native Plants

4. Indigenous Minerals

 

D. Note the Zoological Life

1. Nature Life

2. Animal Life

3. Shepherding Practices

4. Hunting Exploits

 

IX. FIGURATIVE SPEECH

A. Simile

B. Metaphor

C. Allegory

D. Metonymy

E. Synecdoche

F. Hyperbole

G. Personification

H. Apostrophe

I. Anthropomorphism

J. Hypocatastasis

K. Merimus

L. Zoomorphism

M. Ellipsis

N. Hendiadys

O. Inclusion

P. Eponymy

 

X. SYNTHETIC UNITY

A. Scripture Never Contradicts Itself

B. Scripture Always Harmonizes with Itself

C. Scripture Interprets Scripture

 

 

The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


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