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Garments in Genesis

While looking at the verses in Matthew 9:16, Mark 2:21 and Luke 5:36, I decided to look at what garment meant or referred to in Scripture.

Is it just speaking of clothing or is there a deeper meaning?

First of all garments have played a bigger role in Scripture than you would realize at first glance.

The first garments were those made by the Lord for Adam and Eve.

Genesis 3:21 (ESV) And the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them.

Although Adam and Eve tried to cover themselves with fig leaves, they didn’t succeed and the Lord made them garments of skins.  The first sacrifice was the life of a lamb to cover the sins of man.  See the picture there? Revelation 7:14

Next the lack of garments was the cause of much trouble and a curse.

Genesis 9:20-25 (ESV)

20 Noah began to be a man of the soil, and he planted a vineyard.
21 He drank of the wine and became drunk and lay uncovered in his tent.
22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside.
23 Then Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father. Their faces were turned backward, and they did not see their father’s nakedness.
24 When Noah awoke from his wine and knew what his youngest son had done to him,
25 he said, “Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers.”

Later garments are part of a deception played on Isaac.

Genesis 27:15-19 (ESV)

15 Then Rebekah took the best garments of Esau her older son, which were with her in the house, and put them on Jacob her younger son.
16 And the skins of the young goats she put on his hands and on the smooth part of his neck.
17 And she put the delicious food and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.
18 So he went in to his father and said, “My father.” And he said, “Here I am. Who are you, my son?”

19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn. I have done as you told me; now sit up and eat of my game, that your soul may bless me.”

Jacob is paid back for his deception using garments by the fact that his own sons deceived him concerning Joseph and his robe.

Genesis 37:3 (ESV) Now Israel loved Joseph more than any other of his sons, because he was the son of his old age. And he made him a robe of many colors.

Genesis 37:23 (ESV) So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe, the robe of many colors that he wore.

Genesis 37:31-34 (ESV)

31 Then they took Joseph’s robe and slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood.
32 And they sent the robe of many colors and brought it to their father and said, “This we have found; please identify whether it is your son’s robe or not.”
33 And he identified it and said, “It is my son’s robe. A fierce animal has devoured him. Joseph is without doubt torn to pieces.”
34 Then Jacob tore his garments and put sackcloth on his loins and mourned for his son many days.

Joseph has multiple issues concerning his robe or garments.

Genesis 39:11-17 (ESV)

11 But one day, when he went into the house to do his work and none of the men of the house was there in the house,
12 she caught him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me.” But he left his garment in her hand and fled and got out of the house.
13 And as soon as she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled out of the house,
14 she called to the men of her household and said to them, “See, he has brought among us a Hebrew to laugh at us. He came in to me to lie with me, and I cried out with a loud voice.
15 And as soon as he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried out, he left his garment beside me and fled and got out of the house.”
16 Then she laid up his garment by her until his master came home,
17 and she told him the same story, saying, “The Hebrew servant, whom you have brought among us, came in to me to laugh at me.

However, Genesis ends with a prophecy concerning garments.

Genesis 49:10-12 (ESV)

10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until tribute comes to him; and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
11 Binding his foal to the vine and his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, he has washed his garments in wine and his vesture in the blood of grapes.
12 His eyes are darker than wine, and his teeth whiter than milk.

Robes and Garments are very important symbols in Scripture.  Did you realize the importance?  Matthew 9:16 is definitely speaking of more than wise mending and sewing!



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Tim Conway – Fasting and New Wine

Tim Conway on the passage in Luke 5:29-39, the parallel passage of Matthew 9:14-17.

Luke 5:29-39 (ESV)
29 And Levi made him a great feast in his house, and there was a large company of tax collectors and others reclining at table with them.
30 And the Pharisees and their scribes grumbled at his disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?”
31 And Jesus answered them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick.
32  I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.”
33 And they said to him, “The disciples of John fast often and offer prayers, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink.”
34 And Jesus said to them, “Can you make wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them?
35  The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days.”
36 He also told them a parable: “No one tears a piece from a new garment and puts it on an old garment. If he does, he will tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match the old.
37 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new wine will burst the skins and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed.
38 But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins.
39 And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.'”




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New Wine

Matthew 9:14-17 (ESV)

14 Then the disciples of John came to him, saying, “Why do we and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?”
15 And Jesus said to them, “Can the wedding guests mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast.
16 No one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment, for the patch tears away from the garment, and a worse tear is made.
17 Neither is new wine put into old wineskins. If it is, the skins burst and the wine is spilled and the skins are destroyed. But new wine is put into fresh wineskins, and so both are preserved.”

Turns out that Matthew 9:14-15 speaking about fasting is actually related to verses 16-17.  We see that by the fact that two other books have them recorded together.  However, just like usual Jesus answers their specific question about fasting and then He adds more information taking the discussion much deeper.

This same subject is found in the book of Mark and in Luke.

Mark 2:21-22 (ESV)

21 No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment. If he does, the patch tears away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear is made.
22 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the wine will burst the skins—and the wine is destroyed, and so are the skins. But new wine is for fresh wineskins.”


Luke 5:36-39 (ESV)

36 He also told them a parable: “No one tears a piece from a new garment and puts it on an old garment. If he does, he will tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match the old.
37 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new wine will burst the skins and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed.
38 But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins.
39 And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.’ ”

Seemed pretty easily understandable in light of MacArthur’s commentary.  But what about Luke 5:39?

Luke 5:39 (ESV) And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.’ ”

How does that affect the passage?



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Matthew 9:16-17 to Ponder

Matthew 9:16-17 (ESV)
16 No one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment, for the patch tears away from the garment, and a worse tear is made.
17 Neither is new wine put into old wineskins. If it is, the skins burst and the wine is spilled and the skins are destroyed. But new wine is put into fresh wineskins, and so both are preserved.”

Do you have any clue what this passage is saying?

It seems so out of place.  It follows a portion where Jesus and His disciples are accused for not fasting like the Pharisees.  Jesus had responded with:

Matthew 9:15 (ESV) “Can the wedding guests mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast.

Does the wineskin portion have anything to do with the fasting and bridegroom?



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Be Clean

Matthew 8:1-4 (ESV)
1 When he came down from the mountain, great crowds followed him.
2  And behold, a leper came to him and knelt before him, saying, “Lord, if you will, you can make me clean.”
3 And Jesus stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, “I will; be clean.” And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.
4 And Jesus said to him,  “See that you say nothing to anyone, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a proof to them.”

Why does Jesus send the man to the Priest?  To fulfill the Law of Moses.

Leviticus 14:2 ff (ESV) This shall be the law of the leprous person for the day of his cleansing. He shall be brought to the priest,

Leviticus 14:7 (ESV) … Then he shall pronounce him clean ….

Was not Jesus fully capable of declaring the man clean?  I mean He healed him.  He has cleansed all of His own.

John 13:6-11 (ESV)
6 He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Lord, do you wash my feet?”
7  Jesus answered him, “What I am doing you do not understand now, but afterward you will understand.”
8  Peter said to him, “You shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no share with me.
9 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, not my feet only but also my hands and my head!”
10 Jesus said to him, “The one who has bathed does not need to wash, except for his feet, but is completely clean. And you are clean, but not every one of you.”
11  For he knew who was to betray him; that was why he said, “Not all of you are clean.”

1 Corinthians 6:11 (ESV) And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

Ephesians 5:25-27 (ESV)
25  Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her,
26 that he might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word,
27 so that he might present the church to himself in splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, that she might be holy and without blemish.

Titus 3:4-7 (ESV)
4 But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared,
5 he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit,
6 whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior,
7 so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

Hebrews 10:21-22 (ESV)
21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God,
22 let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

Was not Jesus fully a Priest?

Hebrews 4:15 (ESV) For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.

Hebrews 7:25-26 (ESV)
25 Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost  those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them.
26 For it was indeed fitting that we should have
such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens.

The Law of Moses was still in effect because Jesus had not yet fulfilled the Law (Matthew 5:17) nor accomplished all (Matthew 5:18).

Jesus cleansed the Leper and followed all the Law of Moses.  Just as He told John the Baptist about His baptism He suffered it to be so for now.

Matthew 3:15 (KJV) And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness.




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These Sayings (Words) of Mine – Matthew Chapter 7

Judging

Matthew 7:1-2 (ESV)

1 “Judge not, that you be not judged.
2 For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and with the measure you use it will be measured to you.

Giving dogs holy things

Matthew 7:6 (ESV) “Do not give dogs what is holy, and do not throw your pearls before pigs, lest they trample them underfoot and turn to attack you.

Ask, Seek, Knock

Matthew 7:7 (ESV) “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.

Matthew 7:8 (ESV) For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened.

Do unto others

Matthew 7:12 (ESV) “So whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.

Enter the narrow gate

Matthew 7:13 (ESV) “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many.

Matthew 7:14 (ESV) For the gate is narrow and the way is hard that leads to life, and those who find it are few.

Beware of false prophets that look good

Matthew 7:15 (ESV) “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves.

Act upon the words of Jesus

Matthew 7:24 (ESV) “Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock.



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These Sayings (Words) of Mine – Matthew Chapter 6

Now granted everyone will divide these chapters a little differently.  But the general ideas are still there.

Righteous “Acting” before others

Matthew 6:1 (ESV) Beware of practicing your righteousness before other people in order to be seen by them, for then you will have no reward from your Father who is in heaven.

Give in Secret

Matthew 6:4 (ESV) so that your giving may be in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.

Pray not like Hypocrites, Not with empty phrases, but like Jesus said

Matthew 6:5 (ESV) “And when you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites. For they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.

Matthew 6:7 (ESV) “And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words.

Matthew 6:9-13 (ESV)

9 Pray then like this: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.
10 Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us this day our daily bread,
12 and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

Forgive others just as Christ forgave you

Matthew 6:14 (ESV) For if you forgive others their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you,

Matthew 6:15 (ESV) but if you do not forgive others their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

When you fast, don’t be so obvious about it

Matthew 6:16 (ESV) “And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.

Your treasure is where your heart is

Matthew 6:19 (ESV) Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal,

Matthew 6:20 (ESV) but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal.

Matthew 6:21 (ESV) For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

Can’t serve two masters

Matthew 6:24 (ESV) No one can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and money.

Don’t be anxious about earthly matters

Matthew 6:25 (ESV) “Therefore I tell you, do not be anxious about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink, nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing?

Seek first the kingdom of God

Matthew 6:33 (ESV) But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.


Well, I’m just getting in much worse shape. 🙁



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These Sayings (Words) of Mine – Matthew 5

Sayings is the Greek word Logos which literally means words, sayings, doctrine, etc.  The KJV renders this verse like this which is the way I memorized it:

Matthew 7:24 (KJV) Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock:

Matthew 7:24 (ESV) “Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock.

So what does “these” refer to?

At a minimum we would have to say “these” refers to the instructions Jesus had just given in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5 – Matthew 7) correct?

Well, when you look through those passages there is a lot there!  Here is just Matthew Chapter 5.  They cover a lot of ground also.

Beatitudes – our attitudes are as important as our actions

Matthew 5:3-11 (ESV)

3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

4 “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.

5 “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.

6 “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.

7 “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.

8 “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.

9 “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.

10 “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11 “Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account.

Rejoice over persecution

Matthew 5:12 (ESV) Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Let your light shine

Matthew 5:16 (ESV) In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven.

Relaxing the least commandment

Matthew 5:19 (ESV) Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

Our Righteousness

Matthew 5:20 (ESV) For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

Anger and name calling

Matthew 5:22 (ESV) But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire.

Reconciliation

Matthew 5:24 (ESV) leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.

Matthew 5:25 (ESV) Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison.

Lust

Matthew 5:28 (ESV) But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Divorce

Matthew 5:32 (ESV) But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on the ground of sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

Oaths

Matthew 5:34-37 (ESV)

34 But I say to you, Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.
36 And do not take an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.
37 Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything more than this comes from evil.

Resisting evil and those who mistreat you by giving more to them

Matthew 5:39-42 (ESV)

39 But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.
40 And if anyone would sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well.
41 And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.
42 Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you.

Love & Pray for your enemies

Matthew 5:44 (ESV) But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,


Got all those down pat?

Didn’t think so!



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These Sayings Of Mine

The passage in Matthew 7:24-28 is a very familiar passage.

Matthew 7:24-27 (ESV)
24 “Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock.
25 And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall, because it had been founded on the rock.
26 And everyone who hears these words of mine and does not do them will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand.
27 And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell, and great was the fall of it.”

I couldn’t guess how many sermons I’ve heard on this passage.  I’ve heard them with a wise and foolish slant, a geology slant, a weather slant, and even from a construction slant.  Children’s lessons abound on this passage.

But I can’t ever remember a sermon focusing on the whole point of the passage.

What’s the point?

Matthew 7:24 (ESV) “Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man … .”

The building a house on the rock or sand is the commentary, the parable, the visual picture; yet the most important portion is hearing and doing these words of Jesus.

What words of Jesus is this speaking of?

The Sermon on the Mount?

More?

Every command given by God?

Just New Testament Commands?

Have you even thought about this in specifics?  or just the general obey God?




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What is the Sum of the Law and the Prophets?

Previously we saw that the Law and the Prophets refer to the first five books of the Bible, the Law and the books of the prophets and poetry.  Now let’s look at what Jesus says sums up the Law and the Prophets.

Matthew 7:12 (ESV) “So whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.

Matthew 22:37-40 (ESV)

37 And he said to him, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.
38 This is the great and first commandment.
39 And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
40 On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.”
 

Galatians 5:14 (ESV) For the whole law is fulfilled in one word: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 

This really isn’t a new Law to love our neighbor.  The New Covenant portion is that our neighbor has been expanded to include everyone even the most despised or our enemies.  See even in Leviticus the Israelites were told to love their neighbor but that was their own people.  Now we are to love all people as ourselves, not just those who are like us; not just our own people. 

Leviticus 19:18 (ESV)  You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the sons of your own people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord. 

In case there was any doubt Jesus explained this concept several times. 

Matthew 5:43-45 (ESV)

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’
44 But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,
45 so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.
 

Matthew 19:19 (ESV) Honor your father and mother, and, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 

Mark 12:29-31 (ESV)

29 Jesus answered, “The most important is, ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’
31 The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”
 

Luke 10:27 (ESV) And he answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.” 

James is clear that fulfilling the royal law is “loving your neighbor as yourself”. 

James 2:8 (ESV) If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well. 

See this takes you right back to Matthew 5:17 because Jesus fulfilled the Law not only by being the perfect, sinless law keeper, but by loving His neighbor as Himself to the end by giving up His life. 

Matthew 5:17 (ESV) “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.  

John 10:11 (ESV) I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. 

John 15:13 (ESV) Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends. 

Romans 5:7-8 (ESV)

7 For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die—
8 but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
 

Ephesians 5:2 (ESV) And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. 

The sum of the Law and the Prophets is Love, as exemplified by Christ in giving up His life for us. 

We are called to do the same and then we have fullfilled the law. 

1 John 3:16 (ESV) By this we know love, that he laid down his life for us, and we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers.

James 2:8 (ESV) If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well. 



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