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The Different Laws – AW Pink

It is refreshing to find confirmation from others about what you’ve been learning.

First, there is “the Law of God” (Rom. 7:22,25, etc.). Second, there is “the Law of Moses” (John 7:23; Acts 13:39, 15:5, etc.). Third, there is “the law of Christ” (Gal. 6:2). Now these three expressions are by no means synonymous, and it is not until we learn to distinguish between them, that we can hope to arrive at any clear understanding of our subject.

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AW Pink


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But I Say Unto You …

Matthew 5:21-48 (ESV)

21 “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’
22 But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire.
23 So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,
24 leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.
25 Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison.
26 Truly, I say to you, you will never get out until you have paid the last penny.

27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’
28 But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
29 If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell.
30 And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body go into hell.

31 “It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.’
32 But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on the ground of sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

33 “Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.’
34 But I say to you, Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.
36 And do not take an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.
37 Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything more than this comes from evil.

38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’
39 But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.
40 And if anyone would sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well.
41 And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.
42 Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you.

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’
44 But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,
45 so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.
46 For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?
47 And if you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same?
48 You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

This is a very serious thing that Jesus is saying here.  We miss the significance because we don’t have such a respect for the Old Testament and Moses as the Jews did.  Can you imagine a preacher / teacher today saying something along the lines of “You have heard it said “Blessed are the pure in heart, but I say unto you …”?

See the seriousness?  Look at it through the eyes of a Jew sitting upon the mount.

1)  Jesus takes a direct quote from Moses and says “but I say unto you…”.  This would be blasphemous to the Jews to take the law Moses gave from God and change it or add to it.  Jesus wasn’t even a scribe or Pharisee that was allowed to give commentary on the Law of Moses.

2)  Jesus is placing Himself as a lawgiver equal to or above Moses.  Not only is Jesus giving law, but He is giving it upon a mount almost a reenactment of the law given on Mount Sinai.  The only real difference is the smoke and thunder is missing. 

Exodus 19:16-19 (ESV)
16 On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled.
17 Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain.
18 Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly.
19 And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder.

3)  The Jews knew the Law of Moses, including the Ten Commandments, were verbally given by God to them and to Moses.  Many of us today don’t realize that the Ten Commandments were given to the people verbally from Mount Sinai, not just to Moses.

Exodus 19:9-11 (ESV)
9 And the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I am coming to you in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you, and may also believe you forever.” When Moses told the words of the people to the Lord,
10 the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments
11 and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.

Then God gives the people and Moses the Ten Commandments and look at what happens.  They no longer want to hear from God directly.

Exodus 20:18-19 (ESV)
18 Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid and trembled, and they stood far off
19 and said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.”

So here is Jesus giving His “But I say to you…” statements from the mount but there is no voice of God. 

Or is there?

See the Jews haven’t come to realize that Jesus is the Son of God, but they do realize that He is teaching as if He had authority.

Matthew 7:28-29 (ESV)
28 And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching,
29 for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes.



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You Have Heard It Said … But I Say …

Matthew 5:21 – 48 contains several phrases that essentially say the same thing.

“You have heard it said … But I say ….”

Matthew 5:21-22 (ESV)
21  “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’
22 But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire.

Matthew 5:27-28 (ESV)
27  “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’
28 But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart
.

Matthew 5:31-32 (ESV)
31  “It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.’
32  But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on the ground of sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery. And whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

Matthew 5:33-35 (ESV)
33 “Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.’
34 But I say to you, Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Matthew 5:38-39 (ESV)
38  “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’
39 But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Matthew 5:43-45 (ESV)
43  “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’
44 But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,
45  so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.

Do you realize that each time Jesus states “You have heard it that it was said…” he is quoting an Old Testament Scripture?

For example:

Matthew 5:27 (ESV)  “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’

This is a direct quote from Exodus or Deuteronomy.

Exodus 20:14 (ESV)  “You shall not commit adultery.

Deuteronomy 5:18 (ESV)  “‘And you shall not commit adultery.

Not much way around the fact the Jesus is taking literal Old Testament Laws, even from the Ten Commandments, and saying “But I say to you …”

“But” is very interesting here.  Another interesting fact I found is that every one of the Bible versions I have access to in my Bible program on my computer all use the word “But“, all eighteen versions!

The word translated as “But” is the Greek word de, which is translated as but, and, or also.  So why have all the translators translated this word in English as “but”?

The Greek phrase for “But I say unto you” is an easy one to remember:  ego de lego humin

Makes me think of “Le’go my eggo“.  (Old Eggo Waffle commercial for young whippersnappers.)



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Matthew 5:21 – 48

Matthew 5:21-48 (ESV)

21 “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’
22 But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire.
23 So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,
24 leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.
25 Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison.
26 Truly, I say to you, you will never get out until you have paid the last penny.

27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’
28 But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
29 If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell.
30 And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body go into hell.

31 “It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.’
32 But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on the ground of sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

33 “Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.’
34 But I say to you, Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.
36 And do not take an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.
37 Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything more than this comes from evil.

38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’
39 But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.
40 And if anyone would sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well.
41 And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.
42 Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you.

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’
44 But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,
45 so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.
46 For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?
47 And if you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same?
48 You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

This is an interesting passage.

What exactly is Jesus doing here?

This seems to be a key passage concerning the place of the Law.

There are several different ways of looking at this.

  • Jesus is giving commentary on the Law of Moses.

  • Jesus is taking the Law of Moses one step further.

  • Jesus is replacing the Law of Moses with the Law of Christ.

How do you understand this passage, especially in light of the whole of Scripture?




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Coming Out Of Egypt

Interesting quote on the Law.

Joshua and Caleb

Most who came out of Egypt never really came out of Egypt. They took on the form of Israel reaping many of the temporal benefits of Israel. But the whole way they murmured against God and his servant, even reminiscing about the whip of Pharaoh, because they loved Egypt’s produce and despised the bread the Lord provided. Yet, the Lord held the entire congregation together, using even those who despised him to provide for his Israel. Then of that great multitude, only Caleb and the chosen remnant (the children) were delivered, as the Lord promised. These entered, not by Moses who stood as a type of the law by which no sinner may enter glory, but by Joshua. How our God does work all things together for the good of those he has made little children, faithful dogs, Caleb’s who follow Christ Jesus our Joshua!                               

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Pastor Clay Curtis

HT: Don Fortner

Are you looking back to the Law of Moses and murmuring against Jesus Christ and His New Covenant?

Are you striving to enter the Promised Land by way of the Law of Moses and not by Christ and Christ alone?



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Who Goes To Heaven?

The Jewish people, at the time of Christ walking among them, had an expression that was well used:

“If only two people go to heaven, one will be a scribe and the other a Pharisee.”

But what does Jesus do to their expression?

Matthew 5:20 (ESV) For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

See today we tend to denigrate the scribes and the Pharisees as being crooks and hypocrites, which granted some were.  But the scribes and the Pharisees were well respected leaders who knew the Scriptures well.   Even Paul appealed to the honor and respect granted Pharisees when brought before the high priest.

Acts 23:6 (ESV) Now when Paul perceived that one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, “Brothers, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees. It is with respect to the hope and the resurrection of the dead that I am on trial.”

The scribes and Pharisees were meticulous observers of the Law of Moses and yet Jesus says they won’t be entering heaven?  Jesus tells the people that unless they were more righteous than the Pharisees they would not enter Heaven either.  That had to seem hopeless to those Jews sitting there.

Then Jesus goes on to explain true righteousness in the following verses and chapters.



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Hebrews 12:18-29 to Ponder

Many of us have heard the phrase God is a comsuming fire many times and often used incorrectly. However, have you ever pondered the portion of Scriptures just before that?  It has alot to do with the Law and the New Covenant.

Hebrews 12:18-29 (ESV)
18 For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest
19 and the sound of a trumpet and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.
20 For they could not endure the order that was given,  “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.”
21 Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”
22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,
23 and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,
24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.
25 See that you do not refuse him who is speaking. For if they did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape if we reject him who warns from heaven.
26 At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, “Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.”
27 This phrase, “Yet once more,” indicates the removal of things that are shaken—that is, things that have been made—in order that the things that cannot be shaken may remain.
28 Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe,
29 for our God is a consuming fire.


Hebrews 12:18-29 (KJV)
18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,
19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:
20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:
21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)
22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:
26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.
27 And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:
29 For our God is a consuming fire.

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Fulfilled obligations?

Matthew 5:17 (ESV) “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.

Matthew 5:17 (KJV) Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

Previously we looked at Matthew 5:17 in this post Sermon on the Mount – Matthew 5:17-18.  We looked at what the word fulfilled means in Scripture.  But now lets think about what fulfilled means today to us.

When someone fulfills an obligation we understand that it is done and finished.  If I need to write a report once I have done that report then it is a fulfilled responsibility.  Fulfilled items are those we get to finally mark off our list.  Now granted we as humans don’t always fulfill our requirements fully or in the manner we should.  However, when Jesus fulfilled the Law, He completed it fully and perfectly.

When we have a home mortgage that we are paying we have a responsibility to fulfill.  Despite what many people do by defaulting on mortgages that is a responsibility that we are required to fulfill.  Yet what happens when we have paid off that mortgage?  We have fulfilled our responsibility.  Can you imagine the uproar if the mortgage company came and asked you to continue paying on that mortgage after it was paid in full?

Think of how that applies to the Scripture.


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Unto Whom Were You Baptized?

1 Corinthians 10:1-4 (KJV)
1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat;
4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

The Israelites were baptized unto Moses.  Yet we as New Testament believers are baptized unto Christ.

Romans 6:3-4 (ESV)
3 Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?
4 We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.

Galatians 3:27-29 (ESV)
27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
28  There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
29 And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise.

Here is a quote from John MacArthur on this subject:

Paul was recounting the children of Israel in the wilderness “Baptized into Moses” means the children of Israel came under the authority of Moses. To be baptized into Moses was to be involved in all that God was doing in the life of Moses. Moses was the channel through which God spoke to the children of Israel. He was their anchor to God. In a deeper and more profound sense, believers are baptized into Jesus Christ.

Galatians 2:16, 19–Paul said, “A man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified…. For I, through the law, am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

The Judaizers–Jews who believed circumcision was essential for salvation–went into the Galatian region and found people teaching that you could enter into God’s Kingdom by God’s grace alone. They countered that you first must be circumcised, followed by diligent obedience to the law of Moses, and only then could you come into God’s Kingdom. This is not unlike today. Most people think you must follow all sorts of rules to be spiritual. They think by enforcing particular rules, they can fit people into a certain mold of spirituality.

Who’s authority are you under?



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Least of These Commandments

Matthew 5:19 (ESV) Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

What does Jesus mean by least of these commandments?

Is that the same as the jots and tittles?

Matthew 5:18 (ESV) For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

Jesus says the least little iota or dot will not pass away until all the Law is fulfilled.  The KJV calls this a jot and a tittle.

Matthew 5:18 (KJV) For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

What were the jots and tittles?

They were the tiniest markings in Hebrew writing.  Things like we would express as “doting the i’s and crossing the t’s.”

So does this mean Jesus is actually speaking of the least of the Old Testament Commandments?

What might those be?

How about a blue thread in your tassels?

Numbers 15:38 (ESV) “Speak to the people of Israel, and tell them to make tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a cord of blue on the tassel of each corner.

How about wearing a cotton blend shirt?

Leviticus 19:19 (ESV) “You shall keep my statutes. You shall not let your cattle breed with a different kind. You shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor shall you wear a garment of cloth made of two kinds of material.

Shall we buy slaves, if we desire to, as long as we buy them from another country?

Leviticus 25:44-46 (ESV)
44 As for your male and female slaves whom you may have: you may buy male and female slaves from among the nations that are around you.
45 You may also buy from among the strangers who sojourn with you and their clans that are with you, who have been born in your land, and they may be your property.
46 You may bequeath them to your sons after you to inherit as a possession forever. You may make slaves of them, but over your brothers the people of Israel you shall not rule, one over another ruthlessly.

See the problem here if you say the Old Testament Laws are for New Testament believers?   This is why we as Christians are often the laughing stock of unbelievers.  They see that we as a general rule don’t even know what we believe nor do we do what we say we believe.

So was Jesus speaking of these least commandments in Matthew 5:19?  Or was He speaking of those commands that He was about to give in the Sermon on the Mount?

Jesus did fulfill the Law and the Prophets totally right down to wearing a blue cord in His tassel.  But because He fulfilled the Law of Moses we are free from being bound by that Law and are under the Law of Christ.

The Law of Christ is expounded by Jesus Himself throughout the New Testament but specifically in the Sermon on the Mount.


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