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The Mechanics Of Expository Preaching (II) Preparation of the Manuscript

IX. RECONSTRUCTION

THE FINAL VERSION OF WHAT WILL BE TAKEN INTO THE PULPIT.

A. Polish the Outline

A noticeable pattern to the outline. Use short outline points.

B. Rewrite the Manuscript

Internalize the material.

C. Tighten the Sentences

Shorten it up.

D. Streamline the Flow

No wild goose chases.

E. Sharpen the Vocabulary

F. Alternate the Words

G. Add Adjectives

H. Insert Adverbs

Right adjectives and adverbs arrest the attention of the hearers.

I. Improve the Transitions

Don’t allow the hearer to check out of a point when you are finished with it.

J. Shorten the Illustrations

Don’t spend a lot of time telling a story. State the purpose of the illustration.

X. INTRODUCTION

A. Read the Passage

Read the passage first. See 1 Tim. 4:13.

B. Capture the Interest

The hook. Make it so the people want to hear the sermon.

C. Show the Importance

Sell the sermon. Why this text is incredibly important.

D. State the Theme

Succinct. No surprises.

E. Review the Context

Brief as possible.

F. Preview the Headings

This shows forethought and organization.

 

XI. CONCLUSION

A. Drive Home the Truth

The central theme. Deals with the mind.

B. Raise the Affections

Deals with the emotion.

C. Encourage the Soul

Deals with the emotions

D. Challenge the Will

Deals with their will.

E. Transition to the Gospel

 

XII. INTERNALIZATION

GET YOUR MESSAGE INTO YOU.

A. Mark Up Your Manuscript

1. Underline Key Words

2. Highlight Key Sentences

3. Circle Key Thoughts

B. Write in Your Bible

1. Underline Key Words

2. Scribble Key Words

C. Pray Over Your Notes

Preach it to God first.

1. Confess Your Sins

Apply the applications to yourself first.

2. Ask for Grace

3. Intercede for the Listeners

 

XIII. INSPIRATION

A. Read Inspiring Literature

1. Read Christian Biography

2. Read Church History

3. Read Martyr Accounts

4. Read Puritan Books

5. Read Spurgeon Sermons

 

B. Read Inspiring Passages

1. Read Four Gospels

2. Read Book of Acts

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The Models Of Expository Preaching Preachers in the Scripture

I. MOSES (DEUTERONOMY 1, 4-5)

A. He Expounded the Law (1:5)

B. He Taught the Law (4:1)

C. He Commanded the Law (4:2, 5)

D. He Applied the Law (5:1-8)

 

II. EZRA (NEHEMIAH 8 )

A. His Exposition Was Bible-Centered (3a)

B. His Exposition Was Lengthy (3b)

C. His Exposition Was Authoritative (4-5)

D. His Exposition Was God-Exalting (6a)

E. His Exposition Was Affection-Raising (6b)

F. His Exposition Was Exegetical (7-8)

 

III. JESUS (MATTHEW 5-7)

A. He Upheld the Scripture (5:17-19)

B. He Read the Text (5:21, 27, 31, 33, 38, 43)

C. He Explained the Text (5:22, 28, 31, 34-36, 39, 44-45)

D. He Applied the Text (5:23-26, 29-30, 37, 40-42, 46-48)

E. He Summoned the Lost (7:13-27)

 

IV. PETER (ACTS 2:16-40)

A. He Read the Text (16-21)

1. Joel 2:28-32

B. He Explained the Text (22-24)

1. Jesus Is This Lord

2. Jesus Was Attested by God (22)

3. Jesus Was Crucified (23)

4. Jesus Was Raised

C. He Supported the Text (25-35)

1. He Cited Psalm 16:8-11

2. He Cited Psalm 132:11

3. He Cited Psalm 110:1

D. He Cited Synthesized the Text (36)

1. Jesus Is Lord

2. Jesus Is Christ

E. He Cited Applied the Text (37-40)

1. Repent of Your Sins (37-39)

2. Receive the Word (40)

 

V. PAUL (1 TIMOTHY 4:13)

A. He Urged Reading the Text (13a)

B. He Urged Teaching the Text (13c)

C. He Urged Applying the Text (13b)

 

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Questions and Answers with John MacArthur

Q.        Why are you compelled to preach sequentially through books in the Bible?

Every word is profitable, every word is inspired. This is a mandate. Sequential preaching creates context.

Q.        How do you pull together an expository sermon?

There is no magic. Overview the entire book. Read commentaries you trust. Find a unit to preach on. Read it. Find out what it says. Then find out what it means. Use theological commentaries. Find cross references. Explore the doctrine behind the central theme. Frame the outline. Then prepare an introduction and a conclusion.

Q.        Becoming the kind of preacher God wants you to be?

Put all other things aside – leadership training, etc. Preaching demands our best effort. Set a good pace and keep up the pace you set. Don’t lose heart, falling into sin.

Q.        Important issues in setting the gospel before people?

Do not import things into the text which are not there. Exposit the elements of the gospel that are in the text. A superficial presentation of the gospel which is not tied to the text is an affront to the hearers.

Q.        How to get to the next level in preaching?

Admit that you don’t have enough to say. Find people who know a lot more than you do. Read. Build a library. Be a selective reader. You will only be as good as your material.

Q.        How to interface preaching demands and family time?

It is not about structuring time or an external requirement. It is about an investment. Then there are primary responsibilities. Everything else fits in the cracks. It takes being surrounded with gifted people. Expositors attract like-minded people.

Q.        The preaching of the word is the controlling factor in worship?

Preaching today is about evoking a superficial, emotional worship. The preaching is superficial, so the worship is superficial. If you hear profound theology being sung in the church it is because the congregation has been given a diet of profound theology from the pulpit.

 

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The Mechanics Of Expository Preaching (I) Preparation of the Manuscript

There is an art and a science in preparing an expository sermon.

I. PREPARATION

PRELIMINARY THINGS ARE NECESSARY. CERTAIN THINGS MUST BE IN PLACE.

A. Sanctify Your Life

Prepare our own heart. Humility, prayer, confession, asking for direction, enlightenment, help from the Holy Spirit, enthusiasm.

B. Select the Text

Obviously. Every text is a treasure-house. Select the appropriate division of the text.

C. Secure the Resources

Gather the books. Isolate the resources. Get it in a form you can write on. Extract the gold. See where you need to drill down more. Be greedy at this point. Get the whole choir in front of you. Have all the clubs in your bag laid out.

Quiet place. Good lighting. Good chair. Large desk.

D. Seek the Lord

 

II. OBSERVATION

A. Read the Passage

Over and over again. Mark it up. Be aggressive. Investigate the text. Make observations. Be driven into the text. Look for key words, main verbs, conjunctions.

B. Investigate the Text

1. Who Is Speaking?

The text will not make sense unless you know who wrote it.

2. Where Is He?

3. When Did He Write This?

4. To Whom Is He Speaking?

5. Why Is He Speaking?

6. What Else Was Occurring?

7. What Preceded It?

8. What Follows?

C. Note the Features

Figures of speech, proper names, parallelism.

D. Discover the Thrust

Discover the central theme. We must have a message with unity. All planets revolve around this sun.

III. ORIENTATION

A. Read the Various Commentaries

Rely on work others have done before you in the past. Start with the simplest and work up to the most difficult.

B. Construct a Block Diagram

Subject-Verb-Object. Focus on the verbs.

C. Discover the Issues

Cause and effect. Repetition.

D. Consider the Proper Meaning

The right interpretation. Who has nailed the right interpretation?

IV. CRYSTALLIZATION

A. Write a Simple Outline

Summarize the outline and the main idea. Anticipate what your preaching outline is going to be. You need the railroad tracks that the sermon is going to go down.

B. Write the Central Theme

One sentence. What is the text about? Study Bibles are very helpful.

 

V. CONSTRUCTION

WRITE THE MANUSCRIPT. YOU MUST PREACH ENOUGH IN ORDER TO BECOME A GOOD PREACHER.

A. Write the First Heading

Skip the introduction. Save it until later. Start with Roman numeral I. Read, explain, apply, maybe illustrate.

B. Write the Transition

Set up the first verse.

C. Write the First Verse

D. Write the Explanation

Use the dictionary and the thesaurus.

 

VI. EXPLORATION

A. Dig Deeper into the Text

1. Word Studies

2. Verb Tenses

3. Grammatical Structure

4. Syntax

5. Historical Background

6. Geographical Setting

7. Authorial Intent

8. Figurative Speech

9. Cross References

10. Book Argument

11. Systematic Theology

Tell the people what they cannot normally pull out from the text.

 

B. Incorporate the Additional Findings

1. Write It in the Manuscript

2. Merge It with These Findings

 

VII. APPLICATION

APPLY AS YOU GO, AS CLOSE TO THE EXPLANATION AS POSSIBLE. GET TO THE “YOU”. READ THE FACES OF PEOPLE.

A. Show the Relevance

You don’t have to make the Bible what it already is. You SHOW the relevance, not MAKE the relevance.

B. Relate the Implications

C. Urge the Following

This is the implementation.

 

VIII. ILLUSTRATIONS

MOST ILLUSTRATIONS TAKE TOO LONG. THE BEST ILLUSTRATIONS ARE BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS. ALSO HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS ARE GOOD. NOT YOUR FAMILY. NOT YOUR CAT. LIMITED PERSONAL ILLUSTRATIONS. WE ARE NOT THE HERO.

A. Use Biblical Illustrations

B. Use Historical Illustrations

C. Use Personal Illustrations

D. Use Cultural Illustrations

Some cultural illustrations are good to create a crisis in the pulpit and then solve it in the sermon.

E. Use Created Illustrations

Like Pilgrim’s Progress.

F. Use Quotations

They shouldn’t take much time.

G. Use analogies and metaphors

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The Marks Of Expository Preaching (II) Priorities in the Pulpit

VI. THEOLOGICALLY-PRECISE

EVERY TEXT FITS WITHIN THE LARGER CONTEXT OF THE ENTIRE BIBLE. THE EXPOSITOR MUST BE A THEOLOGIAN. ALL OF SCRIPTURE MUST BE BROUGHT TO BEAR ON A GIVEN TEXT. THIS MUST BE DONE WITHOUT ABANDONING THE PRIMARY TEXT.

A. Exposition Is Grounded in Biblical Theology

1. Same Book

2. Same Author

3. Same Genre

4. Same Testament

B. Exposition Is Grounded in Systematic Theology

1. Bibliology

What the Bible teaches about itself.

2. Theology Proper

The study of God, attributes, names, trinity.

3. Christology

The person of Christ, incarnation, hypostatic union, obedience, substitutionary death.

4. Pneumatology

The doctrine of the Holy Spirit.

5. Angelology

Angels.

6. Anthropology

Man.

7. Harmartiology

Sin, depravity, the fall.

8. Soterology

The doctrine of salvation, the order of salvation.

9. Ecclesiology

The nature of the church.

10. Eschatology

The last things.

 

Give theology in condensed form, easy to retain. Cite the passages. Preaching is theology on fire. A theology which does not catch fire is a defective theology. Preaching must always be theological, not practical. Never let the patient write the prescription.

Why theological preaching has declined:

1) laziness of the preacher;

2) the love of popularity;

3) superficial evangelism.

 

C. Exposition Is Sharpened by Historical Theology

1. Church Fathers

2. Medieval Period

3. Pre-Reformation

4. Reformation

5. Puritan Age

6. Evangelical Revival

7. Modern Church

 

VII. LOGICALLY-ORDERED

NOT A RANDOM COLLECTION OF WORD STUDIES AND COMMENTARIES. STRUCTURED DEVELOPMENT OF THOUGHT.

A. Exposition Is Reasonably Coherent

1. Introduction

2. Central Theme

 A laser beam which runs through the entirety of the sermon. All points hang on the central theme.

3. Main Headings

4. Subordinate Parts

5. Sequential Development

6. Transitions

 Between points and between exposition and applications.

 7. Conclusion

 Build to a crescendo.

B. Exposition Is Recognizably Attractive

1. It Is Symmetrical in Balance

Balance in points. A definite form. Clear divisions.

2. It Is Simplistic in Clarity

3. It Is Symphonic in Parts

 

VIII. PASSIONATELY-DELIVERED

PREACHING IS NOT LECTURING. IT IS NOT DELIVERED MONOTONE WITH NO MOTION. SEE LUKE 24:32. PASSION AND UNCTION.

A. Exposition Is Compelling in Its Presentation

1. Voice Inflection

2. Eye Focus

3. Body Posture

4. Hands Gesture

5. Emphatic Words

6. Dramatic Pauses

7. Paced Delivery

8. Facial Countenance

 

B. Exposition Is Contagious in Its Spread

1. It Enflames Hearts

2. It Raises Affections

3. It Inspires Hope

4. It Challenges Wills

 

IX. BOLDLY-DECLARED

NEVER APOLOGIZE FOR YOUR POINTS. BOLDNESS IS LITERALLY “ALL-SPEECH.” SAY EVERYTHING THAT NEEDS TO BE SAID. NO RESERVATION, NO AMBIGUITY. NO CODE LANGUAGE. IF YOU GET IN TROUBLE, IT IS NOT BECAUSE YOU WEREN’T UNDERSTAND, IT IS BECAUSE YOU WERE UNDERSTOOD.

A. Exposition Requires Speaking Out

1. It Speaks Fully

2. It Speaks Openly

3. It Speaks Courageously

Confidence. All of Christianity is a religion of assertions. The lightning bolt must come down. See Tit. 1:9, 2:15.

B. Exposition follows Biblical Examples

1. Acts 4:29

2. Acts 13:44-47

3. 2 Corinthians 3:12

4. Ephesians 6:19

5. 1 Thessalonians 2:2

 

X. PASTORALLY-EDIFYING

WE ARE NOT A STEAMROLLER, WE ARE CALLED TO BE SHEPHERDS OF THE FLOCK. WE NOT ONLY TEAR DOWN, BUT WE BUILD UP. WE HAVE THE SWORD AND THE TROWEL. BOTH HANDS MUST BE OCCUPIED. THIS IS A MEANING OF THE SHARP TWO-EDGED SWORD. PREACH TO BROKEN HEARTS AND YOU WILL NEVER LACK FOR A CONGREGATION.

A. Exposition Emulates Biblical Images

1. Feeding Shepherd

Speak kindly. Exhibit patience.

2. Nursing Mother

1 Thes. 2. Some need encouragement, some need admonishment.

3. Imploring Father

1 Thes. 2 again.

4. Humble Servant

We do not lord it over the flock. We are not to be overbearing.

B. Exposition Ministers in Different Ways

See 1 Thes. 5.

1. It Admonishes the Wayward

2. It Encourages the Worried

3. It Helps the Weak

We are preaching to people.

 

XI. EVANGELISTICALLY-AIMED

PREACH THE WORD. DO THE WORK OF AN EVANGELIST. EVEN WITHIN THE CHURCH.

A. Exposition Preaches the Law

No one wants to be saved until they know that they are lost.

1. It Exposes Sin

2. It Reveals Need

3. It Threatens Wrath

4. It Facilitates Conviction

B. Exposition Presents the Gospel

1. It Preaches Christ

2. It Offers Grace

3. It Extends Forgiveness

4. It Preaches the Necessity of the New Birth

C. Exposition Persuades the Lost

1. It Urges Repentance

2. It Summons Faith

We do not shy away from preaching judgment, condemnation, damnation, hell and torment.

 

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Questions And Answers With Steve Lawson

Q. Is teaching the indicative and preaching the imperative?

We must know how to move from the indicative to the imperative to the interrogative. Questions force people to think. Rhetorical questions are powerful. The imperative is a command to action.

 

Q. How to go about being filled with the Holy Spirit – any specific actions?

See Col. 3:16. Let the word of Christ richly dwell within you. Also see Gal. 5:16. Conscientiously take steps to walk in the Spirit.

 

Q. How careful do we need to be in respect to Biblical translations?

We should have great confidence in our English Bible. There are many reliable translations. We would want to use the most word-for-word translation. We need to be aware of words added by the translator to provide meaning. The NASB, ESV and NKJV are good translations. ESV is not as literal. Study Bibles are also an excellent resource. They stay close to the text and stay at a common language.

 

Q. Are there any pitfalls in handling expository preaching inappropriately?

To become a rambling commentary. To cut and paste from other resources without doing the work on our own and by ourselves. Researching on the internet. Using blogs for information – we are too easily pulled away by what we read. An expositor must be careful not to lose evangelistic zeal. Christ is not in every text, but we should get to Christ with every text.

 

Q. Preaching with the sole purpose of getting a response as compared to preaching Biblically and expecting a response?

The so-called church invented the altar call, not the Bible. The call to get up out of your seat and walk forward should never be a part of our sermon. The whole sermon should be a summons to come to Christ in faith. If someone needs to talk to a counselor after your sermon, then you did not do a good job with your sermon. But just explaining the gospel is not appropriate. We must call people to Christ.

 

Q. The difference between mastering the text as compared to being mastered by the text?

We need to repent of sins that revolve around self. Self-sufficiency, self-determination, self-elevation. No more “I will”, but more of “Thy will.” Remember that “apart from me you can do nothing.”

 

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The Marks Of Expository Preaching (I) Priorities in the Pulpit

FURTHER CLARITY ON WHAT EXPOSITORY PREACHING IS. IT IS NOT ONE KIND OF PREACHING. IT IS NOT THE BEST KIND OF PREACHING. IT AND ONLY IT ARE PREACHING. IF IT IS NOT EXPOSITORY, IT IS NOT CHRISTIAN.

 

I. TEXT-DRIVEN

ROOTED AND GROUNDED IN A TEXT OF SCRIPTURE. NO LAUNCHING OFF INTO THE WILD BLUE YONDER. NO PREACHING YOUR OWN AGENDA. THE SERMON SHOULD SAY WHAT THE TEXT SAYS. IT STARTS WITH THE TEXT. NO 10 MINUTE INTRODUCTION ON SOMETHING THAT IS NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO THE TEXT. TO INTRODUCE A SERMON WITH SOMETHING NOT TAKEN FROM THE TEXT IS TO PREACH YOUR OWN AGENDA. LEAVE YOUR OWN IDEAS, AGENDAS, DREAMS AND FANTASIES AT HOME. WE NEED MORE OF THE BIBLE IN OUR SERMONS. QUOTE THE TEXT AGAIN AND AGAIN. PREACH THE WORD.

A. This Is the Underlying Principle of Exposition

1. It Starts with a Text

2. It Stays with the Text

3. It Scrutinizes the Text

4. It Supports the Text

5. It Synthesizes the Text

B. There Are Various Kinds of Exposition

1. Sequential Exposition

Sequential preaching of entire books of the bible. this should be the meat and potatoes.

2. Sectional Exposition

Sectional preaching of sections of a book of the bible.

3. Thematic Exposition

Topical preaching of a particular doctrine or subject.

4. Biographical Exposition

Study of a person or group of people

5. Isolated Exposition

A one-time sermon, for a wedding or funeral

6. Seasonal Exposition

Christmas or Easter

 

II. GOD-EXALTING

NO MAN HAD A GREATER VIEW OF GOD THAN JOHN CALVIN.

 A. Exposition Magnifies God

Expository preaching puts the glory of God on display.

1. It Elevates His Attributes

2. It Promotes His Character

3. It Honors His Names

4. It Praises His Acts

B. Exposition Inspires Worship

Shallow preaching leads to shallow worship If we want our worship to be the worship of God, then our sermons must be full of the glory of God. The worship leader is the preacher.

 

III. CHRIST-CENTERED

WE MUST ALWAYS BE PREACHING CHRIST. SEE 1 COR. 1:23, 2:2. THE MERELY PRACTICAL SERMON IS WORTHLESS. THE MORALITY SERMON WITHOUT CHRIST IS WORTHLESS.

A. The Person of Christ Must Be Expounded

1. His Eternal Deity

2. His Sinless Humanity

B. The Teachings of Christ Must Be Expounded

1. His Precise Doctrine

2. His Tender Appeals

3. His Profound Wisdom

4. His Stern Warnings

 

C. The Example of Christ Must Be Expounded

1. His Perfect Actions

2. His Perfect Reactions

 

D. The Work of Christ Must Be Expounded

1. His Saving Death

2. His Powerful Resurrection

3. His Present Enthronement

4. His Imminent Return

5. His Final Judgment

 

E. The Grace of Christ Must Be Expounded

1. His Saving Grace

2. His Sanctifying Grace

3. His Strengthening Grace

4. His Serving Grace

 

IV. SPIRIT-EMPOWERED

WITHOUT THE SPIRIT, PREACHING IS JUST A LECTURE. EVEN JESUS WAS FILLED WITH THE HOLY SPIRIT WHEN HE PREACHED. SEE LUKE 4:1FF, ESPECIALLY V.18. EVERY SERMON MUST BE DELIVERED BY TWO PEOPLE, YOU AND THE HOLY SPIRIT. WHAT GOT INTO PETER ON THE DAY OF PENTECOST? THE HOLY SPIRIT. PREACHING IS GOD ACTING.

A. The Spirit Illumines Our Minds

B. The Spirit Enflames Our Passions

C. The Spirit Emboldens Our Words

D. The Spirit Deepens Our Convictions

E. The Spirit Liberates Our Hearts

F. The Spirit Enlarges Our Compassion

G. The Spirit Raises Our Confidence

 

V. EXEGETICALLY-GROUNDED

BUILT UPON DIGGING INTO THE BIBLICAL TEXT. LOOKING FOR THE NORMAL INTERPRETATION OF THE TEXT. GIVE ATTENTION TO WHAT WORDS MEANS. THE MAN WHO GOD HAS CALLED TO PREACHED HAS BEEN GIVEN THE MIND BY GOD TO KNOW THE TRUTH.

A. Scripture Must Be Rightly Exegeted

1. Word Studies

2. Grammatical Structure

3. Literary Genre

4. Biblical Context

5. Historical Background

6. Geographical Setting

7. Verb tense, voice and mood

8. Textual variants

 B. Scripture Must Be Rightly Interpreted

1. Literal Interpretation

2. Historical Interpretation

3. Grammatical Interpretation

 

The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series

 

 


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The Mandate Of Expository Preaching – Priority of the Pulpit

THE ONE WHO HOLDS UP THE BIBLE IS THE MOST IMPORTANT PERSON IN THEIR COMMUNITY. HOLD UP THE LIGHT IN A DARK PLACE. THE PULPIT SHOULD HAVE THE PRIORITY. AS THE PULPIT GOES, SO GOES THE CHURCH. THE PULPIT SETS THE THERMOSTAT OF THE CHURCH.

THE GREATEST INFLUENCE IN THE WORLD IS THE CHURCH. THE PULPIT IS THE MOST STRATEGIC PLACE ON EARTH. THE MOST URGENT NEED IN THE CHURCH TODAY IS BIBLICAL PREACHING – TO A HIGH STANDARD.

 

I. THE NATURE OF GOD DEMANDS IT

 

EVERYTHING BEGINS WITH GOD. WE CANNOT UNDERSTAND OURSELVES WITHOUT FIRST UNDERSTANDING GOD.

 

A. The Personal Nature of God Demands It

God is a personal God, not an it, but a he. He chooses to reveal himself to us by speaking. Since God has spoken, we must speak. We have nothing to say apart from the word of God. We echo the voice of God. He has spoken through his word. See Heb. 1:1ff. God has condescended to speak to us, but it is intelligent and clear. God speaks very well, and so should we.

 

B. The Truthful Character of God Demands It

Everything that God has spoken is true. God tells it like it is – reality comes from God. God determines what is truth. What does God say?

 

C. The Sovereign Call of God Demands It

We must preach because God chooses individuals to preach, to be his instruments. See Jer. 1:5. They are set apart, holy. No one called can say “Who am I to speak?” See Gal. 1:15. It is something we must be certain about – that it comes from above.

 

II. THE NATURE OF SCRIPTURE DEMANDS IT

THE BIBLE DEMANDS THAT WE SPEAK. TO SPEAK FROM ANY OTHER SOURCE IS INSANITY.

 

A. The Verbal Inspiration of Scripture Demands It

See 2 Tim. 3:16. The Bible is no common book. It is breathed out of the mouth of God.

 

B. The Divine Inerrancy of Scripture Demands It

Unvarnished truth, uncorrupted and incorruptible. The sum of God’s word is truth. The only logical response to an inerrant scripture is to preach it expositionally.

 

C. The Supreme Authority of Scripture Demands It

 The pulpit is God’s throne in the church. See Deut. 4:1. Teach in order to urge people to live it – this means authority. See Matt. 7:28-29.

 

D. The Intrinsic Clarity of Scripture Demands It

The perspicuity of scripture. People are not too stupid to understand the Bible. All need access to the Bible. It is not confusing. The Bible is lucid and clear – it must be taught. See Psa. 19:8 – pure means lucid. It is not hard to understand, it is hard to swallow for the unbeliever. The problem is that man is blinded by sin. See Matt. 12:5, 19:4, 22:31.

 

E. The Complete Sufficiency of Scripture Demands It

Scripture is sufficient to convict, save, condemn, counsel, sanctify. Preaching anything else is playing games.

 

F. The Invincible Power of Scripture Demands It

It has supernatural power to overcome the forces of darkness. See Matt. 4 and Luke 4.

 

III. THE NATURE OF PREACHING DEMANDS IT

 

A. Being a Herald of God’s Message Demands It

Every preacher is a herald of God’s word. A herald (according to Kittel) delivers a message as it is given to them. Exactly as it given to them. Not their own message. Not their own views. The herald is bound to the one who commissions him. No message other than that given to us by God. No room for original thoughts or fresh looks. Delivery must be accurate and clear. The response to the herald is not his concern.

 

B. Being a Sower of God’s Seed Demands It

We are to scatter the seed as far and wide as we can – broadcast. As much seed as we can as far as we can. The seed will fall on different kinds of soil. That is not our business.

 

C. Being a Steward of God’s Truth Demands It

We are stewards, entrusted with the proclamation of the word of God. We are dispense the wealth of the master to the household. We must give an account of how we have handled the word of God.

 

D. Being a Shepherd of God’s Flock Demands It

Feed the flock God’s word. To do anything else is to be unfaithful.

 

IV. THE NATURE OF MINISTRY DEMANDS IT

WHAT IS MINISTRY? PREACHING AND TEACHING THE WORD OF GOD.

 

A. The Great Commission Demands It

“Teaching them to observe” – information and practice “all that I have commanded you.” We either preach the word or we have gone AWOL.

B. The Apostolic Example Demands It

Read the book of Acts. There is no other example given than speaking the word of God. The engine driving the early church was the preaching of the word of God.

C. The Pastoral Epistles Demand It

If you don’t cut hair, you’re not a barber.

 

V. THE NATURE OF CHURCH DEMANDS IT

 

A. The Truth-Centered Mission of the Church Demands It

1 Tim. 3:15. The church is the pillar and support of the truth. Constant and continual holding up the word of God. The church should not meet without the preaching and teaching of the word of God. No gimmicks, no techniques, no pragmatism. When someone comes into church they should be shocked at how the world has lied to them.

B. The Truth-Teaching Mission of the Church Demands It

The lampstand is to hold for the light. The only thing on the lampstand should be the light of the word of God.

 

WE MUST FEEL THE WEIGHTINESS OF THIS MANDATE. IT HAS BEEN ENTRUSTED TO US. WE MUST PASS IT ON.

 

The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


 

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The Meaning Of Expository Preaching – What It is – What It Is Not

NOT ALL THAT CLAIMS TO BE EXPOSITORY PREACHING IS EXPOSITORY PREACHING. WE CANNOT PRETEND THAT THERE IS NOTHING WRONG WITH MOST OF THE PREACHING IN THE EVANGELICAL CHURCH TODAY. THE FAMINE IN THE LAND IS IN EPIDEMIC PROPORTIONS. READ “WHY JOHNNY CAN’T PREACH” BY GORDON. BECAUSE JOHNNY HASN’T BEEN UNDER A STEADY DIET OF EXPOSITORY PREACHING. ONLY 15% OF PREACHING HAS A DISCERNIBLE POINT. AND IN LESS THAN 10% OF THOSE, THE POINT HAD SOMETHING TO DO WITH THE TEXT. EXPOSITORY PREACHING HAS FALLEN OUT OF FAVOR IN THE CHURCH. THE EXPOSITORY PREACHER IS A DINOSAUR. BUT THE ELECT WILL LISTEN. EXPOSITORY PREACHING IS EXPOSITORY (ADJECTIVE) AND PREACHING (NOUN). EXPOSITORY DESCRIBES THE KIND OF PREACHING. IT IS A MARRIAGE. IT IS FIRE AND GAS BROUGHT TOGETHER.

 

I. ESSENTIAL TERMS

A. Expository Is The Adjective

Describes The Kind Of Preaching. Oxford Defines Expository “A Setting Forth, An Explanation, A Commentary, An Exposure, A Definition, A Setting Forth Of Information That Explains A Text.” Synonyms: Informative, Explanatory, Interpretive, Exegetic. What Does God Mean By What God Says. It Starts With A Text, It Stays With The Text, It Explains The Text, It Stays With The Authorial Intention Of The Text.

 

B. Preaching Is The Noun

Beyond Teaching. Standing On The Shoulders Of Teaching To Reach Higher. Preaching Must Include Teaching But Go Beyond. Teaching Is Imparting And Explaining Information. Preaching Involves Motivation, Application, Exhortation, Edification, Persuasion, Conviction, Passion, Unction. It Is Designed To Move The Hearer. Preaching Calls For The Verdict On The Teaching. Expository Teaching Is A Redundant Term. Teaching Is Content, Preaching Is Proclamation.

 

II. BIBLICAL WORDS

A. Greek Words For Expository

1. Didasko

To Teach, To Instruct With A View Of Impacting The Life Of The Listener. See Acts 13:35, 20:20, 21:28.

2. Dianogio

To Open Up The Meaning Of A Passage, As On The Road To Emmaus. See Acts 17:3.

3. Paratithemi

To Prove By Setting Forth Side-By-Side. See Acts 17:3, Also To Entrust To Someone Else. See 2 Tim. 2:2.

4. Ektithemi

To Set Forth The Meaning Of Or Explain. Acts 28:23.

5. Katecheo

To Instruct, To Inform.

“I See It Now.” The Way To A Man’s Heart Is Through His Mind. Instruct The Mind, Enflame The Heart, Influence The Will. Begin With Teaching, But Don’t Stop There.

B. Greek Words For Preaching

1. Keryso

 A Herald Or Ambassador Proclaiming The Royal Message.

2. Evangelizomai

To Announce The Good News. Good News Is Enthusiastic. The Word “Enthusiasm” Comes From “In God.”

3. Katangello

To Proclaim Solemnly As Is Lives Were In The Balance. See Acts 13:5,38.

4. Anangello

To Proclaim. See Acts 20:20,27.

5. Parresiazomai

To Speak Openly Or Boldly. In A Straightforward Manner. A Full Disclosure Of The Truth.

6. Diamartyromai

To Be A Witness, To Declare Thoroughly And Solemnly.

7. Noutheteo

To Warn Of Imminent Danger, To Admonish.

 

III. BASIC DEFINITIONS

 

A. John Calvin

The Explication Of Scripture, Unfolding Its Natural Meaning And Making Application. See 1 Tim. 4:13. Read-Explain-Exhort. Making Each Point From The Text.

 

B. Merrill Unger

Communicating The Real And Essential Meaning Of A Passage Of Scripture As It Existed In The Mind Of The Author And The Overall Context Of Scripture And Applied To Present Day Needs Of The Hearers. It Is Not Preaching About The Bible, It Is Preaching The Bible. See John Stott’s “Between Two Worlds.” Preaching Must Be Plain, And The Plainer The Better.

 

C. J. I. Packer

The Preacher Is A Mouthpiece For The Text, Opening It Up And Applying It, As The Word Of God To The Hearers. Let The Text Talk.

 

D. Al Mohler

Mode Of Preaching That Has Its Purpose Presenting The Biblical Text. The Text Dictates The Substance And Structure Of The Sermon.

 

E. Sinclair Ferguson

F. Iain Murray

G. Philip Ryken

 

IV. NECESSARY BALANCE

 

ONE WITHOUT THE OTHER IS DEADLY.

 

A. An Imbalance Is Dangerous

1. Heavy Exposition, Little Preaching

Lifeless, Cold, Calculating, And It Produces People Just Like This. No Passion, No Personality.

2. Heavy Preaching, Little Exposition

All Hot Air, Loud, But No Life, Shallow, Superficial, All Surface, No Depth. All Style, No Substance. Filling The Building Without Filling The Pulpit. Makes For A Congregation Of Unsaved People.

 

B. A Balance Is Dynamic

This Is The Puritan View – Build A Fire In The Pulpit.

1. Fire Produces Light

Light=Truth, Illumination (Exposition). “I See It.”

2. Fire Produces Heat

Heat = Urgency, Expectation, Exhortation (Preaching). “I’ll Do It.”

If It Is Not Expository, It Is Suppository – Steve Lawson

 

V. TRAGIC DEPARTURES

A. Seeker Sensitive

B. Emergent Movement

C. Improvisational Chats

D. Motivational Speaking

E. Culture Commentary

F. Moralistic Talk

G. Psychological Introspection

H. Book Reviews

I. Story Telling

J. Text Springboarding

K. Data Dump


The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


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Expository Preaching: Its Mandate, Meaning, Marks, Models & Mechanics

Think you preach expositorily?  Attend this conference in Atlanta and see what Lawson says.

Expository Preaching: Its Mandate, Meaning, Marks, Models & Mechanics

Steve Lawson

SCHEDULE:

Monday, May 20, 2013

1:00 p.m. Registration

1:30pm: Questions and Answers with RC Sproul

2:30pm: Session #1: The Mandate of Expository Preaching – Steven Lawson

3:50pm: Session #2: The Meaning of Expository Preaching – Steven Lawson

7:00pm: Session #3: The Marks of Expository Preaching – Steven Lawson

Tuesday, May 21, 2013

8:50 am: Session #4: The Mechanics of Expository Preaching, Pt 1 – Steven Lawson

9:45am: Session #5: The Mechanics of Expository Preaching, Pt 2 – Steven Lawson

11:00am: Questions and Answers with John MacArthur

1:50pm: Session #6: The Mechanics of Expository Preaching, Pt 3 – Steven Lawson

2:45pm: Session #7: The Mechanics of Expository Preaching, Pt 4 – Steven Lawson

4:00pm: Session #8: The Mechanics of Expository Preaching, Pt 5 –Steven Lawson

7:00pm: Session #9: The Mechanics of Expository Preaching, Pt 6 – Steven Lawson

Wednesday, May 22, 2013

8:50am: Session #10: The Models of Expository Preaching – Steven Lawson

9:45am: Session #11: Questions & Answers – Steven Lawson

 

* meals provided to attendees on site

Now why do I find this so interesting even though it is designed for preachers and teachers???


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