Tag Archive | Children of Israel

Sabbath – 10 Commandments

Our next look at the Sabbath is when we have the Sabbath given in the 10 Commandments by the hand of the Lord upon the stone tablets.  Here the Lord points back to the creation wherein He rested from creating upon the seventh day.

Exodus 20:9-11 (KJV)
9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

We have instructions about how long the Sabbath should last.

Exodus 31:16-17 (KJV)
16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.

Key phrases are “the children of Israel”, “throughout their generations” and “perpetual covenant”.

For an explanation of the “children of Israel” see Children of Israel verses Children of Abraham.

But “throughout their generations” means what?

That phrase is one word in the Hebrew l’dorotaam from the root word dowr.

dowr – properly, a revolution of time, i.e. an age or generation; also a dwelling:

KJV – age, evermore, generation, [n-] ever, posterity.

The word “perpetual” can have several meanings.

`owlam  – (properly, concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; generally, time out of mind (past or future), i.e. (practically) eternity; frequentatively, adverbial (especially with prepositional prefix) always:

KJV – alway (-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, [n-]) ever (-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+without end).

But that doesn’t really get us much further in understanding because those two phrases are used so much in the Scripture it would take a book to look at all the instances.

But notice that the Sabbath is a sign between the Lord and the “children of Israel” forever; “me and the children of Israel for ever” Exodus 31:17.


Children of Israel verses Children of Abraham

This is a very, very simplified explanation of the “Children of Israel” and the “Children of Abraham“.

The Jews, descendants of Israel, is what is meant by “Children of Israel”.

Acts 9:15-16 (KJV)
15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:
16 For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name’s sake.

Notice the Lord says the “Children of Israel” as opposed to the Gentiles.

But in Galatians believers are called “Children of Abraham“.

Galatians 3:7 (KJV) Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

The “children of Israel” specifically refers to the descendants of the twelve sons of Jacob, believers or not.

The “children of Abraham” refers to Abraham and his believing descendants both by his linage (Jews) and by adoption (Gentiles).

The difference between being a “child of Israel” and being a “child of Abraham” is clear in Jesus’ words.

John 8:39 (KJV) They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of Abraham.

The “children of Israel” are claiming to also be the “children of Abraham“.  But if you read the whole context the Lord says that they are the seed (descendants of Abraham, Jews) but they are not Abraham’s children.  Even worse the Lord says that they are the children “of your father the devil”.  This is a very serious rebuke!

John 8:33-45 (KJV)
33 They answered him, We be Abraham’s seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.
35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever.
36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
37 I know that ye are Abraham’s seed; but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you.
38 I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father.
39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of Abraham.
40 But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.
41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.
42 Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.
43 Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word.
44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
45 And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.

This is going to be very important when reading the NT.

Which are you?