Tag Archive | Christ

Session 5 – The Founding and Founder of the Church – David Miller

Matthew 16:13-18

13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?
14 And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.
15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?
16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

KJV

Ecclesiology – the founding of the church
Christology – the founder of the church

The Founding of the Church – Ecclesia is described three ways in the New Testament.

1. The church is the visible, local body of believers, described using these metaphors:

a. A building

b. A bride

c. A body

2. The church is an institution. In this form it is abstract. But the manifestation of the abstract is only in a local, visible body.

a. Abstract principles, i.e., “the family”, are never taken to mean a universal body. It always refer to an abstract institution that is only manifested in a local, visible way.

3. The church is a broad collection or comprehensive inclusive body which is to be gathered together at a point in time in the future. This church will be local and visible.

The Founder of the Church – three statements regarding the founder of the church:

1. The character of the founder – the Son of the living God

a. Made of the exact same stuff as God the Father

b. Has the exact same characteristics as God the Father

2. The condescension of the founder – the Son of Man

a. Speaks of the humanity of Jesus Christ

3. The Christ

a. God’s anointed one

b. Three classes of men were anointed: prophet, priest, king

i. Prophet – he has a message. Sound in doctrine.

ii. Priest – he has proper credentials.

iii. King – he has a kingdom

Video available at G3 Conference

 


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In Christ Alone: Living the Gospel Centered Life

In Christ Alone: Living the Gospel Centered Life by Dr. Sinclair B. Ferguson

Noted theologian, pastor, and educator Dr. Sinclair B. Ferguson explores aspects of the person and work of Jesus in his latest book, In Christ Alone: Living the Gospel-Centered Life. This collection of articles, published earlier in Tabletalk magazine and Eternity Magazine, is designed to help believers gain a better understanding of their Savior and the Christian faith, and to live out that faith in their day-to-day lives. In fifty short chapters arranged in six sections, Dr. Ferguson shows that Christ, who is fully God, took on humanity that He might be the Great High Priest of His people as well as the once-for-all sacrifice; that He now ministers to His people through His Spirit, crowning them with great and precious blessings; and that believers are called to duty, from cultivating contentment to mortifying sin. In Christ Alone is packed full of nuggets of Scriptural truth that will spark and fan the flames of the believer s love for the Savior who is so beautiful in His person and so faithful in His work on behalf of His beloved sheep.

Free kindle book for a limited time.


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The Truth of the Cross [Kindle Edition]

The Truth of the Cross [Kindle Edition] by R.C. Sproul

Dr. R.C. Sproul surveys the great work accomplished by Jesus Christ through His crucifixion the redemption of God s people. Dr. Sproul considers the atonement from numerous angles and shows conclusively that the cross was absolutely necessary if anyone was to be saved. Opening the Scriptures, Dr. Sproul shows that God Himself provided salvation by sending Jesus Christ to die on the cross, and the cross was always God s intended method by which to bring salvation. The Truth of the Cross is an uncompromising reminder that the atonement of Christ is an absolutely essential doctrine of the Christian faith, one that should be studied and understood by all believers.

Free kindle book for a limited time.


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David Miller – Christ is Prays for His Followers (John 17)

John 17:6-8

6 “I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world. Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word.
7 Now they know that everything that you have given me is from you.
8 For I have given them the words that you gave me, and they have received them and have come to know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me.

Given them Thy Words

Theology

Plurality of Godhead – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

Anthropology

Christology – Son, Ancient of Days, No Beginning or End

Soteriology – I am the way, the truth, the life,

Eschatology – best life yet to come, I go to prepare a place for you, Consummate Expositor,

A Christian is one who belongs to God. Thine they were and thou gavest them to me. Unconditional election and predestination. Our salvation originated in the heart of God.

“Traditional” Southern Baptist Beliefs

Southern Baptist Convention 1845 – no confessional doctrine

The Abstract of Principles is the first official confession of Faith which Southern Baptists endorsed. At Southern Baptist Theological Seminary Boyce requested in 1859 an Abstract of Principles – Basil Manley.

V. Election.

Election is God’s eternal choice of some persons unto everlasting life — not because of foreseen merit in them, but of his mere mercy in Christ — in consequence of which choice they are called, justified and glorified.

Election delineated

Not because of foreseen merit in them

Justification

Recipients of special revelation John 17:8

John 17:10 All mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I am glorified in them.

Jesus is glorified in us


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Is Christ In It?

A young man had been preaching in the presence of a venerable divine, and after he had done he went to the old minister, and said, “What do you think of my sermon?” “A very poor sermon indeed,” said he. “A poor sermon?” said the young man, “it took me a long time to study it.” “Ay, no doubt of it.” “Why, did you not think my explanation of the text a very good one?” “Oh, yes,” said the old preacher, “very good indeed.” “Well, then, why do you say it is a poor sermon? Didn’t you think the metaphors were appropriate and the arguments conclusive?” “Yes, they were very good as far as that goes, but still it was a very poor sermon.” “Will you tell me why you think it a poor sermon?” “Because,” said he, “there was no Christ in it.” “Well,” said the young man, “Christ was not in the text; we are not to be preaching Christ always, we must preach what is in the text.” So the old man said, “Don’t you know young man that from every town, and every village, and every little hamlet in England, wherever it may be, there is a road to London?” “Yes,” said the young man. “Ah!” said the old divine “and so from every text in Scripture, there is a road to the metropolis of the Scriptures, that is Christ. And my dear brother, your business is when you get to a text, to say, ‘Now what is the road to Christ?’ and then preach a sermon, running along the road towards the great metropolis—Christ. And,” said he, “I have never yet found a text that had not got a road to Christ in it, and if I ever do find one that has not a road to Christ in it, I will make one; I will go over hedge and ditch but I would get at my Master, for the sermon cannot do any good unless there is a savour of Christ in it.”

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Charles Spurgeon from “Christ Precious To Believers“,

preached March 13th, 1859


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Jesus Turns His Back

Mark 8:31-33

31 And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.

32 And he spake that saying openly. And Peter took him, and began to rebuke him.

33 But when he had turned about and looked on his disciples, he rebuked Peter, saying, Get thee behind me, Satan: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but the things that be of men. (KJV)

Many people say that in verse 33 Jesus turned to face Peter to rebuke him. Which means that Peter would have been talking to Jesus’ back. I think it better to understand that Jesus, in turning to face his disciples, turned his back on Peter. Thus it is fulfilled what is written in Isaiah 50:5-7

Isaiah 50:5-7

5 The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back.

6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

7 For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed. (KJV)

 In turning his back to the rebuke of Peter, Jesus set his face as like flint toward the cross.

By Berean Husband



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John R. Stott Quote

“We cannot come to Christ to be justified until we have first been to Moses,

to be condemned. But once we have gone to Moses,

and acknowledged our sin, guilt and condemnation,

we must not stay there.

We must let Moses send us to Christ.”

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

John R. Stott




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The Law of Christ, Part 1 by Charles Leiter

This sermon is well worth listening to.  It explains the Law of Moses in relation to the Law of Christ.

Audio of the sermon – Law of Christ pt 1  

Below is my transcribed notes from the sermon which will give you the gist of it.

The Law of Christ, Part 1 by Charles Leiter 

1 Corinthians 9:19-22 (KJV)
19 For though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more.
20 And unto the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law, that I might gain them that are under the law;
21 To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law.
22 To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all men, that I might by all means save some.

Three sets of people here in this passage.

The Jews – under the Law, the Law of Moses

The Gentiles – without the Law, the Law written on the heart

Romans 2:14-15 (KJV)
14 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves:
15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)

Acts 28:3-4 (KJV)
3 And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid them on the fire, there came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand.
4 And when the barbarians saw the venomous beast hang on his hand, they said among themselves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live.

How did the heathen Gentiles know this verse?  Who is Vengeance or Justice?

Numbers 32:23 (KJV) But if ye will not do so, behold, ye have sinned against the LORD: and be sure your sin will find you out.

The Gentile without any Bible still has some of the Law written on his heart.  But essentially he is still without the Law.  The did not have the Law of Moses or the 10 Commandments.

The Christians – Paul himself

Notice what Paul says to the Jews “I became a Jew in order to win the Jews.”  Something tremendous happened to change Saul, the Pharisee, the Jew of all Jews, into Paul the Christian.  He says he became as those who are under the Law.  See he’s not under the Law any longer. 

To the Gentiles, he became as one without the Law. But just in case you think that Paul has gone wild, he points out that he still has the Law of God, I’m under the Law of Christ, yet he doesn’t use the term the Law of Moses.

Footnote: Notice that Paul used the term Law of Moses just a few verses earlier.

1 Corinthians 9:9 (KJV) For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen?

 

What is the Law of Christ?  If we are believers we should be able to answer that question.

The Law of Christ isn’t:

The Law of Moses

Romans 6:14 (KJV) For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

Romans 7:4-6 (KJV)
4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.
5 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.

Ephesians 2:14-16 (KJV)
14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;
15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;
16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:

Colossians 2:13-14 (KJV)
13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;
14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;

Galatians 2:19-21 (KJV)
19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

The Law of Moses was a mighty thing.  God even wrote the 10 Commandments on tablets of stone.  Yet, 900 years later the prophet Jeremiah said:

Jeremiah 31:31-34 (KJV)
31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:
33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

You could be in the Old Covenant and not know the Lord, in fact most of them didn’t know the Lord.  Just look at what they did!   You could be a good Jew, keep your sacrifices – You’re born a Jew.  Born into that covenant without knowing the Lord.  This is why we do not baptize infants.  People say well look they circumcised infants, why shouldn’t we baptize infants?  They circumcised the infant because he really was in the Old Covenant by physical birth. 

We do baptize infants but they are spiritual infants.  Soon as someone is born spiritually they are in the New Covenant.  See we are talking about a Covenant where every single person knows the Lord. Do you know God personally?  Are you taught of God?

Their sins and iniquities I will remember no more.  They are gone. Taken care of.  The Jews knew this Covenant was coming.  600 years later Jesus says this is the Blood of the New Covenant.  This is not the blood of bulls and goats, but the Blood of Christ.  This is the real Covenant, not a shadow or a type.  In Hebrews the writer says:

Hebrews 8:13 (KJV) In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

The Jews didn’t like that they said the believers must still keep the Law.  Once you add just a little bit of works in here, just a tiny bit, that is all it takes to put you in Hell forever!  This is a matter of Heaven or Hell.

How does Paul refute them?

What other Covenants were there?

The covenant with Abraham.

Before the Law of Moses there was a covenant made with Abraham.  It was a Covenant of Promise.

Galatians 3:15-29 (KJV)
15 Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.
16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.
21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.
22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

What were the Promises to Abraham?

A seed – Isaac,

A nation – Israel,

Genesis 12:1-3 (KJV)
1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee:
2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:
3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.  

A Land – the Land flowing with milk and honey

A Blessing – Abraham was blessed immensely.  Through you all the Nations of the world will be blessed.

Abraham received all of these in abundance.  But the things Abraham received were a type, a shadow, a figure of the real thing that was to come later.

A seed – The real seed was Christ.

A Nation – The real nation is a Spiritual nation the church

1 Peter 2:9 (KJV) But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

Matthew 21:43 (KJV) Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

Let’s look at the full context.

Matthew 21:33-43 (KJV)
33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:
34 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it.
35 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them likewise.
37 But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son.
38 But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.
39 And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.
40 When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?
41 They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.
42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

The church produces the fruit of the Kingdom.

The Land – A Heavenly Country, a better country.  Abraham was not just looking for Canaan, but for a heavenly country and city.

Hebrews 11:13-16 (KJV)
13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.
14 For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country.
15 And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might have had opportunity to have returned.
16 But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.

Romans 4:13 (KJV) For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.

This is a promise, there is not something I must do to earn it, it a promise given. Not human performance.  By Grace. By Faith.

The Blessing – A spiritual blessing 

Galatians 3:7-14 (KJV)
7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.
8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.
10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

Blessed is the man to whom God will not impute sin.

Romans 4:8 (KJV) Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.

Go to the New Testament to interpret the Old Testament!!!

What was the big stumbling block to the Jew?  A crucified Messiah!  He died as a criminal, cursed of God.  The Messiah has come and he has died!?!

Isaiah said He would die under a curse not His curse but my curse.

We learn that all along history has been moving toward Jesus Christ.

Genesis 3:14-15 (KJV)
14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Israel is not a permanent nation, but just a step toward Christ.

The Law of Moses is given once the nation is established as a schoolmaster to get us to Christ.  The Law of Moses shows how sinful we are and how we need a Savior.  This is a shadow that gives way to reality eventually.  Israel is the Parenthesis.  God never goes backwards.  He has a true spiritual people now, not just people set apart by rituals and ceremonies.  There is reality and substance.

Now that the work is finished we are no longer under a tutor (The Law of Moses).

Nurse crop – When you planted alfalfa you planted another crop like oats.  The oats protected the baby alfalfa through the winter and then the oats died out in the spring so that the alfalfa could grow unhindered.

When John the Baptist came he said time for the nurse crop to die out.

The church is not physical or political, it is Spiritual.



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Feminism and Men

I’m the child of divorce and I remember seeing this phrase on many items around our house as a young child.

A woman without a man is like a fish without a bicycle.

This has often been attributed to Gloria Steinem but not positively.

However, yesterday when I was reading the book So Much More by Anna Sofia Botkin and Elizabeth Botkin, I enjoyed their analogy to that statement based on the following verses.

1 Corinthians 11:11-12
11 Nevertheless, in the Lord woman is not independent of man nor man of woman;
12 for as woman was made from man, so man is now born of woman. And all things are from God.
ESV

Ephesians 5:23 For the husband is the head of the wife even as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior. ESV

So using the feminist reasoning we end up with this.

The Church without Christ is like a fish without a bicycle.

So how could a believer possibly think like this?

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Judgement Seat Of Christ

From the message “What Happens When You Die? All Appear Before the Judgment Seat of Christ.

1. All Christians will stand before Christ as judge. “We must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ.” Not just unbelievers, but “we.” And not some of us, but “all of us.”

2. Our judge will be Christ. It is God’s judgment too (Romans 14:10–12, “We must all stand before the judgment seat of God”), but God “has given him authority to execute judgment” (John 5:27). So God the Son and God the Father are one in their judgment, but the Son is the one who stands forth as the immediate Judge, to deal with us.

3. Our judgment will be after we die. That’s implied in the text, but Hebrews 9:27 makes it explicit. “It is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment.” We don’t need to be more specific than that this morning. We need only say that before we enter the final state of glory with our resurrection bodies on the new earth, we will stand before Christ as Judge.

4. When we stand before Christ as Judge, we will be judged according to our deeds in this life. “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.” This is not an isolated teaching in the New Testament. Jesus said in Matthew 16:27, “The Son of Man is going to come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and will then recompense every person according to his deeds.” And in the very last chapter of the Bible Jesus said, “Behold, I am coming quickly, and my reward is with me, to render to every person according to what he has done” (Revelation 22:12). In other words the way you live is not unimportant.

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By John Piper. © Desiring God. Website: Desiring God

 

 


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