I. FIND THE TIMELESS PRINCIPLES
A. It Relates the Truth to Life
B. It Is Rooted in the Text
C. It Is Consistent with All Scripture
D. It Transcends All Cultures
E. It Addresses All Generations
II. KNOW YOUR LISTENERS
A. Know Human Nature
B. Know the Listener’s Needs
C. Know the Church’s Needs
D. Know the Current Issues
III. KNOW THE VARIOUS APPROACHES
A. Is There a Command to Obey?
B. Is There an Example to Follow?
C. Is There a Promise to Keep?
D. Is There a Principle to Implement?
E. Is There a Sin to Avoid?
F. Is There a Warning to Heed?
G. Is There a Reason to Praise?
H. Is There a Thanksgiving to Offer?
I. Is There a Truth to Defend?
J. Is There a Stand to Take?
K. Is There a Witness to Give?
IV. VARY THE APPROACH
A. Encourage Your Listeners Positively
B. Appeal to Your Listeners Tenderly
C. Invite Your Listeners Openly
D. Reason with Your Listeners Persuasively
E. Plead with Your Listeners Urgently
F. Warn Your Listeners Severely
G. Command Your Listeners Authoritatively
V. VARY THE MOOD OF THE VERBS
A. Use the Indicative Mood
B. Use the Interrogative Mood
C. Use the Imperative Mood
VI. VARY THE TONE
A. Speak Directly
B. Speak Softly
C. Speak Loudly
D. Speak Firmly
E. Speak Compassionately
F. Speak Slowly
G. Speak Swiftly
VII. VARY THE PRONOUNS
A. Speak with Third Person Plural
B. Move to First Person Plural
C. Move to Second Person Singular
VIII. ILLUSTRATE THE APPLICATION
A. Show It in Your Own Life
B. Show It in Another Life
C. Show It in a Biblical Character
D. Show It in a Historical Figure
IX. VARY THE PLACEMENT
A. Apply in the Introduction
B. Apply in the Main Body
C. Apply in the Conclusion
X. VARY THE FOCUS
A. Inform the Listener’s Mind of Their Duty
B. Inflame the Listener’s Affections for Their Duty
C. Influence the Listener’s Will to Their Duty