Expositor’s Conference 2013
The Power of the Holy Spirit in Preaching
Session 2 – The Significance of Pentecost Preaching – The Coming of the Spirit (Sinclair Ferguson)
Text: John 14:15–31 (NASB95)
15 “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments.
16 “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever;
17 that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you.
18 “I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.
19 “After a little while the world will no longer see Me, but you will see Me; because I live, you will live also.
20 “In that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.
21 “He who has My commandments and keeps them is the one who loves Me; and he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and will disclose Myself to him.”
22 Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, “Lord, what then has happened that You are going to disclose Yourself to us and not to the world?”
23 Jesus answered and said to him, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our abode with him.
24 “He who does not love Me does not keep My words; and the word which you hear is not Mine, but the Father’s who sent Me.
25 “These things I have spoken to you while abiding with you.
26 “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.
27 “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.
28 “You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.
29 “Now I have told you before it happens, so that when it happens, you may believe.
30 “I will not speak much more with you, for the ruler of the world is coming, and he has nothing in Me;
31 but so that the world may know that I love the Father, I do exactly as the Father commanded Me. Get up, let us go from here.
The ministry of the Holy Spirit in preaching. We live in personal communion with the Holy Spirit. He is ever present in our ministry. This communion is distinctive from the communion we have with the Father and with the Son. It is heresy to confuse the distinctives of the various forms of our communion with the members of the Trinity among the members of the Trinity. We never express our communion with God the Father as the one who died on the cross for our sins. That is our communion with only the Son. We must be aware of what is the nature of our specific communion with the Holy Spirit. It is He who sanctifies, it is He who illumines, it is He who comforts, it is He who empowers the preaching.
We must first be aware that it is the Son who sends the Holy Spirit to be with us. We know so much about the gifts of the Spirit, but we are so unaware of the person of the Spirit.
John 16:7 – this is a striking verse. How could it be advantageous for the disciples for Jesus to go away? It is ridiculous. The Christian would chose for Jesus to remain. That is because the Christian does not know the person and the power of the Holy Spirit.
The text we are considering is the chief text of the existence and the application of the Trinity.
Jesus is going to send another comforter. The word “another” here is “allos”, meaning “another of the same kind.” He will be of the same kind as Jesus. Explore what this means:
1. The Holy Spirit would be a teacher in the same manner as Jesus (v.25-26)
a. Jesus came as a teacher from God, teaching the very words of God.
b. Paul writes that the Spirit will teach the deep things of God. This is what we see in verse 20. When the Spirit comes, we will not know less, but more. Specifically, we will be taught more intimately about the nature of Jesus Christ.
c. The Holy Spirit allows us to see the intimate relationship between the Father and the Son. Even the angels cannot look into the face of God the way the Son does.
d. The Holy Spirit reveals the depth of the grace of God. We are part of the intimate relationship between the Father and the Son because of the work of the Holy Spirit.
e. The Spirit teaches us the glory of the Trinity.
f. Where are we to learn these things? The Spirit will remind us of what Jesus has already said.
i. He reminded the Apostles of what Jesus said, and they in turned preached these words and wrote about these words.
2. The Holy Spirit would be a counselor in the same manner as Jesus (v. 16)
a. Jesus has been the counselor of the disciples for the last three years.
b. The word “counselor” or “comforter” here is to be taken in the sense of the legal setting. One who comes alongside for the means of defense.
c. The Holy Spirit came as a defender of Jesus Christ and of His followers.
d. The Holy Spirit came to convict the world concerning sin, righteousness and judgment. He prosecutes sinners. But He defends the saints.
e. The paraclete was traditionally the longest standing and best friend who would be called to bear witness for the accused.
i. The Holy Spirit is this paraclete for Jesus Christ
ii. The Holy Spirit would empower the Apostles to be paracletes for Jesus Christ.
f. The same Holy Spirit that filled Jesus Christ is the same Holy Spirit that fills each believer. The disciples would have known this Holy Spirit because they had seen Him working through Jesus and He had been with them from the beginning.
3. The Holy Spirit would be a home-maker in the same manner as Jesus (v.18)
a. We are very familiar with Jesus as a home-maker as revealed in John 14:1-4.
b. The Holy Spirit comes so that we are not left as orphans.
c. In verse 23, we see that it is the work of the Holy Spirit that the full Trinity makes their home within us.
d. The passion of the Holy Spirit is to make the Christian a fitting home for the Father and the Son.
e. The children adore the home-maker. The home-maker is the teacher. The home-maker is the counselor. The home-maker explains the Father.