2 Timothy 4:1-5
1 I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and His kingdom:
2 preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.
3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires,
4 and will turn away their ears from the truth and will turn aside to myths.
5 But you, be sober in all things, endure hardship, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill your ministry.
This is not an isolated instance of emphasis on the word of God
Chapter 1 – retain the standard of sound words
Chapter 1 – guard the treasure entrusted
Chapter 2 – entrust these to faithful men
Chapter 2 – compete according to the rules
Chapter 2 – but the word of God is not in prison
Chapter 2 – accurately handling the word of truth
Chapter 2 – stray from the truth
Chapter 2 – able to teach
Chapter 2 – knowledge of the truth
Chapter 3 – knowledge of the truth
Chapter 3 – My teaching
Chapter 3 – Sacred writings
Chapter 3 – Inspired by God
Chapter 4 – Sound doctrine
Chapter 4 – Our teaching
1. The sobriety of the charge (v.1)
a. A solemn, serious charge. A biding, forceful order.
i. Diamarteuromai – to witness to, against. To attest.
b. The witnesses of the charge – God and Jesus Christ
c. The potential judgment – the living and the dead will be judged
i. The preacher will have a stricter accountability and stricter judgment
ii. Boldness – “all speech”
2. The substance of the charge (v.2)
a. Preach the word – imperative verb
i. Preach – to herald a message
ii. The – definite article
iii. Word – the word of God (see 2 Tim. 3:16)
1. Confine ourselves to the word of God. Only. All.
2. Read, explain, illustrate, apply
3. The specifics of the church (vv. 2-5). Eight more imperative verbs:
a. Be ready. The idea of alertness, urgency, always ready
b. Reprove. Exposing sin. Heart-searching and soul-probing.
c. Rebuke. To charge those who are sinning to stop.
d. Exhort. Parakaleo, to call alongside of. Application of doctrine to the life with persuasion.
i. With patience – to bear up under a trial
ii. With instruction – keep on teaching
e. Be Sober
i. This is set up in vv.3-4. These verses talk about “they” – that is, the superficially religious crowd.
1. They will not endure sound doctrine
2. They will call for false teachers
3. They will turn away
ii. Don’t be caught up in this wave
f. Endure hardship
i. Woe unto you when all men speak well of you
g. Do the work of an evangelist
i. A mission field is within the church
ii. Also to the mission field outside the church
h. Fulfill your ministry. Literally, “fill to the full”. Do all that God calls you to say and do.
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