The Significance of Pentecost Preaching – The Coming of the Spirit

Expositor’s Conference 2013

The Power of the Holy Spirit in Preaching

Session 2 – The Significance of Pentecost Preaching – The Coming of the Spirit (Sinclair Ferguson)

Text: John 14:15–31 (NASB95)

15 “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments.

16 “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever;

17 that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you.

18 “I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.

19 “After a little while the world will no longer see Me, but you will see Me; because I live, you will live also.

20 “In that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.

21 “He who has My commandments and keeps them is the one who loves Me; and he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and will disclose Myself to him.”

22 Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, “Lord, what then has happened that You are going to disclose Yourself to us and not to the world?”

23 Jesus answered and said to him, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our abode with him.

24 “He who does not love Me does not keep My words; and the word which you hear is not Mine, but the Father’s who sent Me.

25 “These things I have spoken to you while abiding with you.

26 “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.

27 “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.

28 “You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.

29 “Now I have told you before it happens, so that when it happens, you may believe.

30 “I will not speak much more with you, for the ruler of the world is coming, and he has nothing in Me;

31 but so that the world may know that I love the Father, I do exactly as the Father commanded Me. Get up, let us go from here.

The ministry of the Holy Spirit in preaching. We live in personal communion with the Holy Spirit. He is ever present in our ministry. This communion is distinctive from the communion we have with the Father and with the Son. It is heresy to confuse the distinctives of the various forms of our communion with the members of the Trinity among the members of the Trinity. We never express our communion with God the Father as the one who died on the cross for our sins. That is our communion with only the Son. We must be aware of what is the nature of our specific communion with the Holy Spirit. It is He who sanctifies, it is He who illumines, it is He who comforts, it is He who empowers the preaching.

We must first be aware that it is the Son who sends the Holy Spirit to be with us. We know so much about the gifts of the Spirit, but we are so unaware of the person of the Spirit.

John 16:7 – this is a striking verse. How could it be advantageous for the disciples for Jesus to go away? It is ridiculous. The Christian would chose for Jesus to remain. That is because the Christian does not know the person and the power of the Holy Spirit.

The text we are considering is the chief text of the existence and the application of the Trinity.

Jesus is going to send another comforter. The word “another” here is “allos”, meaning “another of the same kind.” He will be of the same kind as Jesus. Explore what this means:

1.  The Holy Spirit would be a teacher in the same manner as Jesus (v.25-26)

a.  Jesus came as a teacher from God, teaching the very words of God.

b.  Paul writes that the Spirit will teach the deep things of God. This is what we see in verse 20. When the Spirit comes, we will not know less, but more. Specifically, we will be taught more intimately about the nature of Jesus Christ.

c.  The Holy Spirit allows us to see the intimate relationship between the Father and the Son. Even the angels cannot look into the face of God the way the Son does.

d.  The Holy Spirit reveals the depth of the grace of God. We are part of the intimate relationship between the Father and the Son because of the work of the Holy Spirit.

e.  The Spirit teaches us the glory of the Trinity.

f.  Where are we to learn these things? The Spirit will remind us of what Jesus has already said.

i.      He reminded the Apostles of what Jesus said, and they in turned preached these words and wrote about these words.

2.  The Holy Spirit would be a counselor in the same manner as Jesus (v. 16)

a.  Jesus has been the counselor of the disciples for the last three years.

b.  The word “counselor” or “comforter” here is to be taken in the sense of the legal setting. One who comes alongside for the means of defense.

c.  The Holy Spirit came as a defender of Jesus Christ and of His followers.

d.  The Holy Spirit came to convict the world concerning sin, righteousness and judgment. He prosecutes sinners. But He defends the saints.

e.  The paraclete was traditionally the longest standing and best friend who would be called to bear witness for the accused.

i.      The Holy Spirit is this paraclete for Jesus Christ

ii.      The Holy Spirit would empower the Apostles to be paracletes for Jesus Christ.

f.  The same Holy Spirit that filled Jesus Christ is the same Holy Spirit that fills each believer. The disciples would have known this Holy Spirit because they had seen Him working through Jesus and He had been with them from the beginning.

3.  The Holy Spirit would be a home-maker in the same manner as Jesus (v.18)

a.  We are very familiar with Jesus as a home-maker as revealed in John 14:1-4.

b.  The Holy Spirit comes so that we are not left as orphans.

c.  In verse 23, we see that it is the work of the Holy Spirit that the full Trinity makes their home within us.

d.  The passion of the Holy Spirit is to make the Christian a fitting home for the Father and the Son.

e.  The children adore the home-maker. The home-maker is the teacher. The home-maker is the counselor. The home-maker explains the Father.


The Power of the Holy Spirit in Preaching

Expositor’s Conference 2013

The Power of the Holy Spirit in Preaching

Session 1: The Power of Jesus’ Preaching – His Anointing by the Holy Spirit (Steve Lawson)


This is Part 1. Part 2 will be in Session 8.

We must adopt the view that there are (or should be) two people standing in the pulpit when preaching – the preacher and the Holy Spirit. There is no power in the preaching of the word apart from the power of the Holy Spirit. The evidence of the power of preaching with the power of the Holy Spirit is seen by the outworking of the power of the Holy Spirit in the lives of the preacher and the hearer. For instance, consider the events of the various revivals – it is fueled by the fire of the preaching of the word of God but it works greatly in the lives of the hearers.

The power of the Holy Spirit in the preacher requires a complete transformation of the mind and heart of the preacher.

Text: Luke 4:14–21 (NASB95)

14 And Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about Him spread through all the surrounding district.

15 And He began teaching in their synagogues and was praised by all.

16 And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was His custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to read.

17 And the book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. And He opened the book and found the place where it was written,

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, Because He anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent Me to proclaim release to the captives, And recovery of sight to the blind, To set free those who are oppressed,

19 To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord.”

20 And He closed the book, gave it back to the attendant and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on Him.

21 And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”


Preaching without the power of the Holy Spirit is not preaching at all. The sovereign power of God in the proclamation of His word is lacking in preaching today. Great preaching comes only with great power (see 1 Cor. 2:1-5). Jesus promised His disciples that they would receive the power of the Holy Spirit for the preaching of the gospel. Jesus Himself preached in the power of the Holy Spirit.


  1. The power of the Spirit (v.14)

a. Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit.

i.      There is at least a year between v.13 and v.14. The events of John 1-4 occur during this time.

                  ii.      The fame of Jesus had spread throughout Galilee.

b. Luke 3:21-22 records the power of the Holy Spirit coming upon Jesus, marking the beginning of His public preaching ministry.

 i.      Heaven was opened – this is an indication that God is going to reveal something to men.

ii.      The Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus to anoint Him with power.

iii.     The Father speaks to confirm His pleasure of His Son. This is a direct revelation of the identity and mission of Jesus Christ.

iv.      Should we expect any less if we are called to preach?

c.  We see this idea of the power of the Holy Spirit empowering Jesus Christ continued in Luke 4:1.

i.      The Spirit leads (or compels) Jesus into the wilderness.

ii.      The power of the Holy Spirit would be crucial in Jesus facing the temptation of Satan (vv.2-12).

d.  As Jesus returns to Galilee in v.14, we see that His preaching, His ministry, His miracles healing, casting out demons are all empowered by the Spirit. This empowering of the Spirit would even be there when He went to the cross to make the sacrifice.

i.      And should we expect any less for our ministry?

ii.      There is not a person who does not need the power of the Holy Spirit when preaching the word.

2.  The priority of the Word (v.15)

a.  Wherever there is the power of the Holy Spirit there will be a priority given to the Word of God.

i.      The book of Acts shows how the person filled with the Holy Spirit cannot help but preach the very Word of God.

ii.      The most common title given to Jesus Christ in the book of Luke is “teacher.”

b.  Jesus came into Galilee and taught in their synagogues. Of course He did. The power of the Holy Spirit always results in the priority of preaching the Word of God.

 i.      Jesus was constantly and continually preaching and teaching the Word of God.

c.  Application – if we are to be constantly preaching and teaching, then we must be constantly learning from the Word of God. We must always be reading, listening to the truth. You cannot teach that which you do not know. The day we stop learning is the day we stop preaching. The well must be dug deeper every day.

3.  The pattern on the Sabbath (v.16-17)

a.  Our attention turns to Nazareth, where Jesus was raised. Scornfully, we are told that nothing good comes out of Nazareth. Jesus is the exception. Verses 23-29 shows the true character of Nazareth.

b.  Jesus went to the synagogue on the Sabbath. Notice that this was His custom.

c.  Then we see that Jesus has built some reputation as a teacher, because He stands up to read.

d.  Jesus is given the scroll of the prophet Isaiah to read.

i.      The reading of the Word of God was central to worship in the Jewish synagogue.

e.  Jesus unrolls the scroll to the exact right scripture to read for this particular moment in time.

i.      Jesus is the master of the Word of God not only because He is the author of the Word of God, but He is also empowered by the Holy Spirit in the use of the Word of God.

ii.      The book of Luke alone proves that Jesus believed the entirety of the Old Testament scriptures and used them as a master.

iii.      Application: We must likewise become a master of the Word of God, and this is possible only by the power of the Holy Spirit.

iv.      Application: If we want more power in our preaching, then we must have more scripture in our message. We must be leashed to the text. The points of the sermon must come from the text. Our illustrations must come from parallel scriptures. Our applications must come from the text.

v.      Application: God will not give the power of the Holy Spirit to the man who is attempting to build his own kingdom. Sacrifice of self is of paramount importance. Look at how Jesus sacrificed Himself.

vi.      Application: the Holy Spirit will only empower a holy vessel.


The Might Of Expository Preaching Power in the Spirit


A. Understand the Spirit’s Power in Jesus’ Ministry

1. Luke 3:21-22

2. Luke 4:1-19

B. Understand the Spirit’s Promise in Jesus’ Commission

1. Luke 24:47-49

2. Acts 1:8

C. Understand the Spirit’s Power in the Apostles’ Ministry

1. Acts 2:4, 14-16

2. Acts 4:8-12

3. Acts 4:31

4. Acts 6:3-5

5. Acts 7:51-55

6. Acts 9:17-22

7. Acts 13:9-11

8. Acts 13:52-14:1

9. Colossians 1:29



A. Hear George Whitefield’s Dependence

B. Hear Charles Spurgeon’s Dependence

C. Hear Martyn Lloyd-Jones’s Dependence



A. Be Saturated with Scripture

B. Be Steeped in the Truth

C. Be Pure before God

D. Be Surrendered to God

E. Be Separated from Unnecessary Influences

F. Be Submissive in Prayer

G. Be Pursuing God’s Glory


The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


The Manner Of Expository Preaching Passion in the Proclamation


A. Understand the Definition of Passion

1. The passion of Christ – his suffering and death

2. The passion of the martyrs

3. The passion of pain

4. The passion of illness

5. To be acted upon, to be passive

6. To be moved

7. To be zealous

Feeling what we believe

B. Understand the Synonyms of Passion

1. Fervor

2. Fire

3. Zeal

4. Ardor

5. Enthusiasm


A. Preach with Fervency

We need to be fiery. People are drawn to a man on fire.

B. Preach with Intensity

Sunlight focused through a magnifying glass, There is no such thing as a casual worship service. Undistracted.

C. Preach with Urgency

Now. Immediately. Critical importance. Exhorting. Encouraging. Two sermons by Spurgeon to read:

1. Now

2. Compel them to come in



A. See Old Testament Examples of Passion

1. Jeremiah 9:1

2. Jeremiah 13:17

3. Jeremiah 20:9

4. Jeremiah 23:29

5. Jonah 3:2-4


B. See New Testament Examples of Passion

1. Matthew 9:36

2. John 7:37-38

3. Acts 4:2

4. Acts 13:5

5. Acts 20:31

6. Romans 9:1-3

7. Romans 10:1

8. 2 Corinthians 6:11

9. Colossians 1:28



A. Hear Distant Voices

1. Martin Luther

2. Jonathan Edwards

Raise the affections of people for God, but only as high as truth will allow.

3. George Whitefield

The church is asleep.

4. James W. Alexander

5. Charles H. Spurgeon

B. Hear Recent Voices

1. John Murray

2. Martyn Lloyd-Jones

3. Geoffrey Thomas


A. Have a High View of God

View of God and passion in preaching are directly related.

B. Cultivate Deep Convictions in the Truth

C. Live with a Sense of Immediacy

A lecture can be given any time, a sermon must be preached now.

D. Develop a Deep Love for People

E. Be Filled by Holy Spirit

F. Be Gripped by Heaven and Hell

G. Read Inspiring Christian Biographies

H. Fellowship with Fervent Believers

Passion is contagious.

I. Pursue Communion with God


J. Desire to See People Saved

K. Preach to Responsive People

L. Confess All Your Sins

Sin is water poured on the fire.

M. Preach Through the Psalms

N. Understand What True Preaching Is

O. Listen to Passionate Preaching

P. Read Passionate Preaching

Q. Reflect Upon Your Calling

Remember where you were when God began to stir your heart.

R. Think Upon the Judgment Seat of Christ

Remember that the last day is coming, a day of accountability. Not only what we said but how we said it.

S. Gaze Upon the Cross

T. Ask God to Inflame Your Heart

 The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


The Motivation Of Expository Preaching Practicality of the Truth


A. It Relates the Truth to Life

B. It Is Rooted in the Text

C. It Is Consistent with All Scripture

D. It Transcends All Cultures

E. It Addresses All Generations



A. Know Human Nature

B. Know the Listener’s Needs

C. Know the Church’s Needs

D. Know the Current Issues



A. Is There a Command to Obey?

B. Is There an Example to Follow?

C. Is There a Promise to Keep?

D. Is There a Principle to Implement?

E. Is There a Sin to Avoid?

F. Is There a Warning to Heed?

G. Is There a Reason to Praise?

H. Is There a Thanksgiving to Offer?

I. Is There a Truth to Defend?

J. Is There a Stand to Take?

K. Is There a Witness to Give?



A. Encourage Your Listeners Positively

B. Appeal to Your Listeners Tenderly

C. Invite Your Listeners Openly

D. Reason with Your Listeners Persuasively

E. Plead with Your Listeners Urgently

F. Warn Your Listeners Severely

G. Command Your Listeners Authoritatively



A. Use the Indicative Mood

B. Use the Interrogative Mood

C. Use the Imperative Mood



A. Speak Directly

B. Speak Softly

C. Speak Loudly

D. Speak Firmly

E. Speak Compassionately

F. Speak Slowly

G. Speak Swiftly



A. Speak with Third Person Plural

B. Move to First Person Plural

C. Move to Second Person Singular



A. Show It in Your Own Life

B. Show It in Another Life

C. Show It in a Biblical Character

D. Show It in a Historical Figure



A. Apply in the Introduction

B. Apply in the Main Body

C. Apply in the Conclusion



A. Inform the Listener’s Mind of Their Duty

B. Inflame the Listener’s Affections for Their Duty

C. Influence the Listener’s Will to Their Duty




The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


The Meticulousness Of Expository Preaching Precision with the Text


A. Seek Plain Meaning

B. Seek Natural Meaning

C. Seek Obvious Meaning



A. Discern the Writer’s Aim

B. Detect the Writer’s Audience

C. Discover the Writer’s Circumstances



A. In Which Testament Is This Found?

B. In What Canonical Section Is This Found?

C. What Is the Theme of This Biblical Book?

D. Where in the Book?

E. What Precedes This Text?

F. What Follows This Text?

G. What Parallels This Text?



A. Note the Genre of the Passage

1. Prose

2. Wisdom

3. Song

4. Apocalyptic

5. Gospel

6. Legal

7. Parable

8. Sermon/Discourse

9. Epistle


B. Be Familiar with the Features of That Genre

1. Know Its Distinctives

2. Know Its Challenges



A. Pinpoint the Key Words

1. Note Crucial Words

2. Note Repeating Words

3. Note Unclear Words

4. Note Emphatic Words

5. Note Alternating Words


B. Do Word Studies of These Words

1. Study Its Etymology

2. Study Its Biblical Usages

3. Study Its Extra-Biblical Usages



A. Probe the Individual Words

1. Verbs

2. Nouns

3. Pronouns

4. Adjectives

5. Adverbs

6. Conjunctions

7. Participles

8. Infinitives


B. Probe the Collective Words

1. Clauses

2. Phrases



A. Note the Places

1. Cities

2. Regions

3. Rivers

4. Seas

5. Territories

6. Mountains

7. Valleys

8. Wildernesses

9. Routes

10. Nations

B. Note the Distinctives

1. Location

2. Topography

3. Elevation

4. Weather



A. Note the National Life

1. Political Practices

2. Social Customs

3. Economic Polices

4. Monetary Units

5. Military Warfare


B. Note the Spiritual Life

1. Religious Forms

2. Covenantal Agreements


C. Note the Natural Life

1. Climate Conditions

2. Agricultural Procedures

3. Native Plants

4. Indigenous Minerals


D. Note the Zoological Life

1. Nature Life

2. Animal Life

3. Shepherding Practices

4. Hunting Exploits



A. Simile

B. Metaphor

C. Allegory

D. Metonymy

E. Synecdoche

F. Hyperbole

G. Personification

H. Apostrophe

I. Anthropomorphism

J. Hypocatastasis

K. Merimus

L. Zoomorphism

M. Ellipsis

N. Hendiadys

O. Inclusion

P. Eponymy



A. Scripture Never Contradicts Itself

B. Scripture Always Harmonizes with Itself

C. Scripture Interprets Scripture



The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


Questions and Answers with Steve Lawson

Q:        What commentaries do you recommend?

There are sets and there are individual commentaries. Hendricksen and Kistemacker for the New Testament. MacArthur commentary set. Anything by James Montgomery Boice. The New American Commentary. The NICNT and NICOT by Erdmanns. Barnes Notes for the Old Testament. The Expositors Bible Commentary Set. Warren Weirsbe series. A.T. Robertson’s Word Pictures. The Bible Knowledge Commentary. The Pillar Commentary series. A.W. Pink on John and Hebrews. Charles Hodge on Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, the Treasury of David.

Q.        How about a Systematic Theology for non-scholars?

Lewis Berkhoff, Wayne Grudem, B.B. Warfield, Charles Ryrie, W.G.T. Shedd, A.A. Hodge, R.L. Dabney, Thomas Watson’s Body of Divinity.

Q.        Theological Dictionaries?

Intervarsity Theological Dictionary, Allen Cairnes

Q.        Lingustics?


Q.        Old Testament culture?

Alfred Eddersheim for the 1st Century.

Q.        On preaching?

Preaching by MacArthur, Preaching and Preachers by Lloyd-Jones, Power in the Pulpit by Jerry Vines, John Broadus on Preaching, The Expository Genius of John Calvin, Piper’s Supremacy of God in Preaching

Q.        Example preaching?

Charles Spurgeon, Whitefield, John Stott, Steven Oldford, Martyn Lloyd-Jones

Q.        What hills are worth dying on?

What would I be willing to be burned at the stake for? What the Bible is. The inspiration of scripture. The authority of scripture. The person of God. The person of Christ and his works. The person of the Holy Spirit. The Trinity. Heaven and Hell and the final judgment.

There are things that are very important as well: the doctrines of grace, church elders.

We need to be careful with cultural issues in that they can impair our ability to preach the gospel.

Q.        What advice to the lay preacher who is not trained as an expositor?

Start with easier portions of scripture. Concentrate on the main point. Chose a story. Follow an example.

Q.        Are there times that the passage of text does not dictate the structure of the sermon?

That is where the art part of expository preaching comes in.

Q.        What is your preaching load? How do you manage the load?

Typically four times a week. Sometimes the load is managed by teaching what was familiar. Let other men step in at times.

Q:      Do you ever vary the form of your sermons?

I always lay all my cards on the table at the beginning of the exposition.

Q:      Comment on the earlier sermons of Spurgeon being the best?

The earliest sermons are the like that the City of London had not heard in over a century. He had a simple life during those first years.

Q:      Where do you get feedback from?

You must consider the source as you consider the feedback you receive. Don’t allow yourself to be pulled down to the low level of some small-minded people. Most people who would give you feedback don’t understand preaching.



The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


The Mechanics Of Expository Preaching (II) Preparation of the Manuscript



A. Polish the Outline

A noticeable pattern to the outline. Use short outline points.

B. Rewrite the Manuscript

Internalize the material.

C. Tighten the Sentences

Shorten it up.

D. Streamline the Flow

No wild goose chases.

E. Sharpen the Vocabulary

F. Alternate the Words

G. Add Adjectives

H. Insert Adverbs

Right adjectives and adverbs arrest the attention of the hearers.

I. Improve the Transitions

Don’t allow the hearer to check out of a point when you are finished with it.

J. Shorten the Illustrations

Don’t spend a lot of time telling a story. State the purpose of the illustration.


A. Read the Passage

Read the passage first. See 1 Tim. 4:13.

B. Capture the Interest

The hook. Make it so the people want to hear the sermon.

C. Show the Importance

Sell the sermon. Why this text is incredibly important.

D. State the Theme

Succinct. No surprises.

E. Review the Context

Brief as possible.

F. Preview the Headings

This shows forethought and organization.



A. Drive Home the Truth

The central theme. Deals with the mind.

B. Raise the Affections

Deals with the emotion.

C. Encourage the Soul

Deals with the emotions

D. Challenge the Will

Deals with their will.

E. Transition to the Gospel




A. Mark Up Your Manuscript

1. Underline Key Words

2. Highlight Key Sentences

3. Circle Key Thoughts

B. Write in Your Bible

1. Underline Key Words

2. Scribble Key Words

C. Pray Over Your Notes

Preach it to God first.

1. Confess Your Sins

Apply the applications to yourself first.

2. Ask for Grace

3. Intercede for the Listeners



A. Read Inspiring Literature

1. Read Christian Biography

2. Read Church History

3. Read Martyr Accounts

4. Read Puritan Books

5. Read Spurgeon Sermons


B. Read Inspiring Passages

1. Read Four Gospels

2. Read Book of Acts

The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series


The Models Of Expository Preaching Preachers in the Scripture


A. He Expounded the Law (1:5)

B. He Taught the Law (4:1)

C. He Commanded the Law (4:2, 5)

D. He Applied the Law (5:1-8)



A. His Exposition Was Bible-Centered (3a)

B. His Exposition Was Lengthy (3b)

C. His Exposition Was Authoritative (4-5)

D. His Exposition Was God-Exalting (6a)

E. His Exposition Was Affection-Raising (6b)

F. His Exposition Was Exegetical (7-8)



A. He Upheld the Scripture (5:17-19)

B. He Read the Text (5:21, 27, 31, 33, 38, 43)

C. He Explained the Text (5:22, 28, 31, 34-36, 39, 44-45)

D. He Applied the Text (5:23-26, 29-30, 37, 40-42, 46-48)

E. He Summoned the Lost (7:13-27)


IV. PETER (ACTS 2:16-40)

A. He Read the Text (16-21)

1. Joel 2:28-32

B. He Explained the Text (22-24)

1. Jesus Is This Lord

2. Jesus Was Attested by God (22)

3. Jesus Was Crucified (23)

4. Jesus Was Raised

C. He Supported the Text (25-35)

1. He Cited Psalm 16:8-11

2. He Cited Psalm 132:11

3. He Cited Psalm 110:1

D. He Cited Synthesized the Text (36)

1. Jesus Is Lord

2. Jesus Is Christ

E. He Cited Applied the Text (37-40)

1. Repent of Your Sins (37-39)

2. Receive the Word (40)


V. PAUL (1 TIMOTHY 4:13)

A. He Urged Reading the Text (13a)

B. He Urged Teaching the Text (13c)

C. He Urged Applying the Text (13b)


The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series



The Mechanics Of Expository Preaching (I) Preparation of the Manuscript

There is an art and a science in preparing an expository sermon.



A. Sanctify Your Life

Prepare our own heart. Humility, prayer, confession, asking for direction, enlightenment, help from the Holy Spirit, enthusiasm.

B. Select the Text

Obviously. Every text is a treasure-house. Select the appropriate division of the text.

C. Secure the Resources

Gather the books. Isolate the resources. Get it in a form you can write on. Extract the gold. See where you need to drill down more. Be greedy at this point. Get the whole choir in front of you. Have all the clubs in your bag laid out.

Quiet place. Good lighting. Good chair. Large desk.

D. Seek the Lord



A. Read the Passage

Over and over again. Mark it up. Be aggressive. Investigate the text. Make observations. Be driven into the text. Look for key words, main verbs, conjunctions.

B. Investigate the Text

1. Who Is Speaking?

The text will not make sense unless you know who wrote it.

2. Where Is He?

3. When Did He Write This?

4. To Whom Is He Speaking?

5. Why Is He Speaking?

6. What Else Was Occurring?

7. What Preceded It?

8. What Follows?

C. Note the Features

Figures of speech, proper names, parallelism.

D. Discover the Thrust

Discover the central theme. We must have a message with unity. All planets revolve around this sun.


A. Read the Various Commentaries

Rely on work others have done before you in the past. Start with the simplest and work up to the most difficult.

B. Construct a Block Diagram

Subject-Verb-Object. Focus on the verbs.

C. Discover the Issues

Cause and effect. Repetition.

D. Consider the Proper Meaning

The right interpretation. Who has nailed the right interpretation?


A. Write a Simple Outline

Summarize the outline and the main idea. Anticipate what your preaching outline is going to be. You need the railroad tracks that the sermon is going to go down.

B. Write the Central Theme

One sentence. What is the text about? Study Bibles are very helpful.




A. Write the First Heading

Skip the introduction. Save it until later. Start with Roman numeral I. Read, explain, apply, maybe illustrate.

B. Write the Transition

Set up the first verse.

C. Write the First Verse

D. Write the Explanation

Use the dictionary and the thesaurus.



A. Dig Deeper into the Text

1. Word Studies

2. Verb Tenses

3. Grammatical Structure

4. Syntax

5. Historical Background

6. Geographical Setting

7. Authorial Intent

8. Figurative Speech

9. Cross References

10. Book Argument

11. Systematic Theology

Tell the people what they cannot normally pull out from the text.


B. Incorporate the Additional Findings

1. Write It in the Manuscript

2. Merge It with These Findings




A. Show the Relevance

You don’t have to make the Bible what it already is. You SHOW the relevance, not MAKE the relevance.

B. Relate the Implications

C. Urge the Following

This is the implementation.




A. Use Biblical Illustrations

B. Use Historical Illustrations

C. Use Personal Illustrations

D. Use Cultural Illustrations

Some cultural illustrations are good to create a crisis in the pulpit and then solve it in the sermon.

E. Use Created Illustrations

Like Pilgrim’s Progress.

F. Use Quotations

They shouldn’t take much time.

G. Use analogies and metaphors

The Institute for Expository Preaching whole series