In comparing and contrasting the Ten Commandments and the Beatitudes, I found something interesting. Hope you find it just as interesting and encouraging.
Hebrews 7:18-19 (ESV)
18 For on the one hand, a former commandment is set aside because of its weakness and uselessness
19 (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.
Read through the Ten Commandments in Exodus 20:1-17 looking for the promises, hopes or curses given upon obedience or disobedience.
Exodus 20:1-17 (ESV)
1 And God spoke all these words, saying,
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
3 “You shall have no other gods before me.
4 “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me,
6 but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9 Six days you shall labor, and do all your work,
10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates.
11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
13 “You shall not murder.
14 “You shall not commit adultery.
15 “You shall not steal.
16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.”
Then read The Beatitudes from Matthew 5.
Matthew 5:3-12 (ESV)
3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
4 “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
5 “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
6 “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
7 “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
8 “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
9 “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
10 “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
11 “Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account.
12 Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
So what are the differences?
Bad news first! First the curses from God for disobedience.
Ten Commandments Curses:
Exodus 20:5 … visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, …
Exodus 20:7 …will not hold him guiltless…
The Beatitudes have no curses from God.
Now what about the promises for obedience?
Ten Commandments Promises:
Exodus 20: 6 … showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments…
Exodus 20:12 … that your days may be long in the land …
The Beatitudes are full of promises and hope.
Matthew 5:3 …theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Matthew 5:4 …they shall be comforted.
Matthew 5:5 … they shall inherit the earth.
Matthew 5:6 … they shall be satisfied.
Matthew 5:7 … they shall receive mercy.
Matthew 5:8 … they shall see God.
Matthew 5:9 … they shall be called sons of God.
Matthew 5:10 … theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Matthew 5:12 … your reward is great in heaven, …
See one of the many reasons why we are under a better promise and hope?
Hebrews 7:19 (ESV) (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.