Tag Archive | Ten Commandments

The Glory That Surpasses

2 Corinthians 3:4-11

4 Such is the confidence that we have through Christ toward God.
5 Not that we are sufficient in ourselves to claim anything as coming from us, but our sufficiency is from God,
6 who has made us competent to be ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.
7 Now if the ministry of death, carved in letters on stone, came with such glory that the Israelites could not gaze at Moses‘ face because of its glory, which was being brought to an end,
8 will not the ministry of the Spirit have even more glory?
9 For if there was glory in the ministry of condemnation, the ministry of righteousness must far exceed it in glory.
10 Indeed, in this case, what once had glory has come to have no glory at all, because of the glory that surpasses it.
11 For if what was being brought to an end came with glory, much more will what is permanent have glory.

Paul is comparing and contrasting the New Covenant with the Law. Oh, how blessed we are to be under the New Covenant. Don’t ever desire to be back under the Law!


The Law (The Old Covenant)
The New Covenant
Of the Letter Of the Spirit
The Letter kills The Spirit gives life
Ministry of Death Ministry of Righteousness
Carved in letters on stone (no doubt the reference here) Ministry of the Spirit written on the heart (Hebrews 10:16)
Came with Glory such that the Israelites could not look upon Moses’ face Ministry of the Spirit has much more Glory
Was brought to an end Is permanent
Ministry of Condemnation Ministry of Righteousness
What once had Glory has come to have no Glory Far surpasses the letter in Glory
Was brought to an end though it came with Glory What is permanent will have Glory

Do you see what Paul is saying? How much more blessed are we to sit at the feet of Jesus on Mount Zion (Matthew 5-7) than to tremble at the foot of Mount Sinai (Exodus 19-20). While the Israelites trembled in fear and begged the Lord to speak no more to them, we can come before the Lord in confidence and boldness.

Israelites:

Exodus 20:

18 Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid and trembled, and they stood far off
19 and said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.”
20 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.”
21 The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

Believers:

Hebrews 4:16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

Ephesians 3:11-12

11 This was according to the eternal purpose that he has realized in Christ Jesus our Lord,
12 in whom we have boldness and access with confidence through our faith in him.

This is why Paul cries out to the Galatians:

Galatians 3:1-3

1 O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified.
2 Let me ask you only this: Did you receive the Spirit by works of the law or by hearing with faith?
3 Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh?


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A Better Hope and Promise

In comparing and contrasting the Ten Commandments and the Beatitudes, I found something interesting.  Hope you find it just as interesting and encouraging.

Hebrews 7:18-19 (ESV)
18 For on the one hand, a former commandment is set aside because of its weakness and uselessness
19 (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.

Read through the Ten Commandments in Exodus 20:1-17 looking for the promises, hopes or curses given upon obedience or disobedience.

Exodus 20:1-17 (ESV)
1 And God spoke all these words, saying,
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
3 “You shall have no other gods before me.
4 “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me,
6 but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments
.
7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9 Six days you shall labor, and do all your work,
10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates.
11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
13 “You shall not murder.
14 “You shall not commit adultery.
15 “You shall not steal.
16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.”

Then read The Beatitudes from Matthew 5.

Matthew 5:3-12 (ESV)
3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
4 “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
5 “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
6 “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
7 “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
8 “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
9 “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
10 “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
11 “Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account.
12 Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

So what are the differences?

Bad news first! First the curses from God for disobedience. 

Ten Commandments Curses:

Exodus 20:5 … visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, …

Exodus 20:7 …will not hold him guiltless…

The Beatitudes have no curses from God.


Now what about the promises for obedience?

 

Ten Commandments Promises:

Exodus 20: 6 … showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments…

Exodus 20:12 … that your days may be long in the land …

 

The Beatitudes are full of promises and hope.

Matthew 5:3 theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 5:4they shall be comforted.

Matthew 5:5they shall inherit the earth.

Matthew 5:6they shall be satisfied.

Matthew 5:7they shall receive mercy.

Matthew 5:8they shall see God.

Matthew 5:9they shall be called sons of God.

Matthew 5:10theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 5:12your reward is great in heaven, …


See one of the many reasons why we are under a better promise and hope?

Hebrews 7:19 (ESV) (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.



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